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Redirecting a Web Page

dailydevtips1 profile image Chris Bongers Originally published at daily-dev-tips.com ・3 min read

Today we are going to look at the concept of redirecting a web page. We can use redirects for several purposes. Being but not limited too:

  • changing domain [abc.com is now def.com]
  • changing the page [page-a is now page-b]
  • thank you page to homepage /thanks to /

There are many ways of doing this; we will be covering a couple of examples in this article.

Note: There are more ways of doing this than described in this article alone.

HTTP Response Codes

In specific redirects, it's good to understand the different HTTP Response Codes; these are codes the browser sends back on a request. All response codes have a particular meaning:

  • 200: Means the page loaded, no issues found
  • 404: The page could not be found
  • 2XX: There is a wide range of 200 codes which all mean success
  • 3XX: For redirects however we are interested in the several 300 codes:
  • 301: Moved Permanently, the page is moved to another page
  • 302: Moved Temporary, The page is moved only temporary

HTML Redirects

This is by far the easiest and one of the most relaxed options. I do use this to automatic redirect after x seconds very often.

We place a meta tag in the head of our document like this:

<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="15; URL='http://ebsite.com/homepage'" />

As you can see, we can define the content attribute, which tells us to wait 15 seconds before redirecting to the homepage.

We can, however, use 0 as an argument, and it will directly redirect.

Being said, this is the easiest way; there are some browsers that do not like this method. Meaning; the user can experience a flash before it redirects to the end page.

JavaScript Redirects

Another way to redirect a page is using JavaScript.
It's as easy as using the window object.

window.location = 'http://website.com/homepage';

There are multiple ways of doing this in JavaScript:

window.location = 'http://website.com/home';
window.location.href = 'http://website.com/home';
window.location.assign('http://website.com/home');
window.location.replace('http://website.com/home');

Ofcourse we can wrap this in a 15 second timeout if we would like to:

setTimeout(function() {
  window.location = 'http://website.com/homepage';
}, 15000);

HTAccess Redirects

A way that is mainly used for more permanent redirects or moving a whole subdomain or even domain is using the .htaccess file.
This file allows us to send the HTTP Status Codes as well.

Redirect 301 / http://xyz.com
Redirect 302 / http://xyz.com

Being said, we can match a whole section, for instance:

RedirectMatch 301 /blog(.*) http://xyz.com$1

This will redirect everything that starts with blog to xyz.com/blog/query.

PHP Redirects

Even PHP can easily redirect to another web page:

<?php
  header('Location: http://xyz.com', true, 301);
  exit;
?>

As you can see, we can define the HTTP Status Code again, if you leave this empty, the default value 302 will be used.

And many more...

There are many more ways of redirecting; I've used all of the above in one way or another.
It depends on what your software is built on, and what goal it should serve.

Other redirect methods:

  • nginx
  • ruby
  • .net
  • node
  • flash
  • go
  • etc...

Let me know in the comments what your preferred way of redirecting is.

Thank you for reading, and let's connect!

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Chris Bongers

@dailydevtips1

I write daily web development tips that help you become a more efficient developer. 👨‍💻⚡️

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