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How to Build an Onboarding Screen using PageView In Flutter

cyuket profile image CY UKET ・3 min read

Prerequisites

Tools required to follow the article.

  • Flutter SDK.
  • Android Studio or VS code.
  • Emulator or an Android device
  • Background knowledge of Flutter and Dart

Although there is a packaged already built to do this, there is an advantage getting thing done yourself, one of which customizing the design pattern to suit you. I will take you through achieving this without an external help of a provider.

Setup

Create a new project with the command below

flutter create your_app_name

Open the folder on your preferred text editor and open the main.dart which is in lib folder and replace the the code with:

import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
void main() => runApp(MyApp());
class MyApp extends StatelessWidget {
  // This widget is the root of your application.
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return MaterialApp(
      title: 'Flutter Demo',
      theme: ThemeData(
        primarySwatch: Colors.blue,
      ),
      home: MyHomePage(),
    );
  }
}
class MyHomePage extends StatefulWidget {
  @override
  _MyHomePageState createState() => _MyHomePageState();
}
class _MyHomePageState extends State<MyHomePage> {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Scaffold(
      body: Container(),
    );
  }
}

To achieve the goal at hand flutter already have a widget called PageView Widget, so my job is to show you how this can be used.

PageView

A PageView allows the user to swipe between different screens in your app. All you need to set it up are a PageViewController which is a required property of the PageView. Each or widget to be swiped is wrapped inside a list of Widget as children.

Time to See how the magic works

Initializing PageController

Inside the stateful widget create controller variable whose type is of PageViewController and another int variable to hold the current index of the page

  PageController _pageController;
  int currentIndex = 0;

Initialize the state, add the following code after declaring of the page controller’s variable

@override
  void initState() {
    super.initState();
    _pageController = PageController();
  }

Also the controller needs to be disposed, to do this add the following code after the last previous one

@override
  void dispose() {
    _pageController.dispose();
    super.dispose();
  }

Building Screens

Update the body of your scaffold with the following code

PageView(
    controller: _pageController,
    children: <Widget>[
      Container(
        child: Text("First Screen")
      ),
      Container(
        child: Text("Second Screen")
      ),
      Container(
        child: Text("Third Screen")
      )

    ],
  ),

Adding Indicators

It is common in different application with onboarding screens to see indicators to which screen is currently viewed. The PageView has provision for function which listen to the change in screen and return the index of the current screen. You will create a custom stateless widget for the indicator, and place it in the view. Create the Indicator widget with the code below outside the MyHomePage

class Indicator extends StatelessWidget {
  final int positionIndex, currentIndex;
  const Indicator({this.currentIndex, this.positionIndex});
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Container(
      height: 12,
      width: 12,
      decoration: BoxDecoration(
          border: Border.all(color: Colors.blue),
          color: positionIndex == currentIndex
              ? Colors.blue
              : Colors.transparent,
          borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(100)),
    );
  }
}

Now you have wrap the PageView widget in Stack widgets so you can position another thing on the screen and where ever you wish to place it.

body: Stack(
        children: <Widget>[
          PageView(
            controller: _pageController,
            children: <Widget>[
              Container(child: Text("First Screen")),
              Container(child: Text("Second Screen")),
              Container(child: Text("Third Screen"))
            ],
          ),
        ],
      ),

For the Indicator, it is going to be placed at the bottom of the screen in a row. add the following code as the second widget in the stack

Positioned(
  bottom: 60,
  left: 150,
  child: Row(
    mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.max,
    mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
    crossAxisAlignment: CrossAxisAlignment.center,
    children: <Widget>[
      Indicator(
        positionIndex: 0,
        currentIndex: currentIndex,
      ),
      SizedBox(
        width: 10,
      ),
      Indicator(
        positionIndex: 1,
        currentIndex: currentIndex,
      ),
      SizedBox(
        width: 10,
      ),
      Indicator(
        positionIndex: 2,
        currentIndex: currentIndex,
      ),
    ],
  ),
), 

Now you will create a method to update the index of the page once it is changed

onChangedFunction(int index) {
    setState(() {
      currentIndex = index;
    });
  }

As earlier mentioned the PageView has a property called onPageChanged which takes a method and return the index of the current page. go ahead and add the method above to the PageView widget

onPageChanged: onChangedFunction,

Next and Previous Button

Lastly, you can also add a next or previous button to your page. You can do this by acessing the nextPage and previousPage which are both methods built into the PageController and takes two parameter duration which takes the duration for the page to switch, and curve type of transition animation you want to apply while changing. create two static for duration and the curve after _pageController

static const _kDuration = const Duration(milliseconds: 300);
static const _kCurve = Curves.ease;

Also Create two methods to handle both functions respectively

 nextFunction() {
    _pageController.nextPage(duration: _kDuration, curve: _kCurve);
  }
 previousFunction() {
    _pageController.previousPage(duration: _kDuration, curve: _kCurve);
  }

Update your view by adding this as the last widget in the stack

Positioned(
  bottom: 30,
  left: 130,
  child: Padding(
    padding: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 20.0),
    child: Container(
      child: Row(
        mainAxisSize: MainAxisSize.max,
        mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.spaceBetween,
        children: <Widget>[
          InkWell(
              onTap: () => previousFunction(),
              child: Text("Previous")),
          SizedBox(
            width: 50,
          ),
          InkWell(onTap: () => nextFunction(), child: Text("Next"))
        ],
      ),
    ),
  ),
)

Discussion (2)

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vongsi profile image
Vongsi

Great post, thanks for sharing

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cyuket profile image
CY UKET Author

You are welcome