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Download data from ftp server with Python

cuongld2
Learning is hard work, but everything you learn is yours and will make subsequent learning easier.
Updated on ・3 min read

Recently, I needed to download the latest version of software from a ftp server then install it into tested machine.

I think there might be someone would need to know this so today I'm gonna share with you how to download data from ftp server with Python.

The following post might be how to install the app automatically.

I.What is ftp server:

You might want to read this but basically ftp server is where you store the files

II.FTPlib in Python:

You might want to go to official doc for ftplib in here

We're gonna use ftplib to interact with ftp server

III.Real world example:
Below is a sample working ftp server

Alt Text

The scenario is this, we need to go to that server, find the latest version of file, and download it.

If the latest version of file is already downloaded, no need to download it again.

1.Store the downloaded version name into yaml file:

Sample configuration file where we have coccoc_dev_version

#configurations.yaml


--------
coccoc_dev_version: 79.0.3945.98
jenkins:
  admin_password: '123456'
  admin_username: admin
  domain: http://10.0.12.96:8080


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Self-made utils for working with yaml files

class YamlUtils:

    def __new__(cls):

        if not hasattr(cls, 'instance'):
            cls.instance = super(YamlUtils, cls).__new__(cls)

        return cls.instance

    def read_data_from_file(self, file):
        with open(file) as stream:
            try:
                return yaml.safe_load(stream)
            except yaml.YAMLError as exc:
                print(exc)

    def write_data_to_file(self, loaded, file):
        with open(file, 'wb') as stream:
            try:
                return yaml.safe_dump(loaded, stream, default_flow_style=False
                                      , explicit_start=True, allow_unicode=True, encoding='utf-8')
            except yaml.YAMLError as exc:
                print(exc)

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Override latest version of file to yaml:

yaml_made_utils = YamlUtils()
configuration_info = None
configuration_path = '/resources/configurations.yaml'


def get_configurations_info():
    if configuration_info is None:
        return yaml_made_utils.read_data_from_file(os.getcwd() + configuration_path)
    else:
        return configuration_info


class CocCocConfigs:
    COCCOC_DEV_VERSION = get_configurations_info()['coccoc_dev_version']

    @staticmethod
    def update_coccoc_dev_version(coccoc_version):
        data = get_configurations_info()
        data['coccoc_dev_version'] = coccoc_version
        return yaml_made_utils.write_data_to_file(data, os.getcwd() + configuration_path)

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2.Download the latest version of file if it's not downloaded yet


def download_latest_coccoc_dev_installer():
    coccoc_installer_name = "standalone_coccoc_en.exe"
    from ftplib import FTP
    with FTP('browser3v.dev.itim.vn') as ftp:
        ftp.login('anonymous', '')
        ftp.cwd('corom')
        folders_list = ftp.nlst()
        coccoc_download_folder_list = get_list_coccoc_installer_dirs(folders_list)
        latest_coccoc_download_dir = coccoc_download_folder_list[-1]
        from configs.yaml_configs import CocCocConfigs
        if CocCocConfigs.COCCOC_DEV_VERSION not in latest_coccoc_download_dir:
            ftp.cwd(f"{latest_coccoc_download_dir}/installers")
            try:
                ftp.retrbinary("RETR " + coccoc_installer_name,
                               open(f"C:\\coccoc-dev\\{coccoc_installer_name}", 'wb').write)
            except:
                print(f"Error download coccoc binary for {coccoc_installer_name}")
            return latest_coccoc_download_dir
        else:
            return "Already latest"

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Notice we need to provide username and password along with the ftp host name like:

with FTP('browser3v.dev.itim.vn') as ftp:
        ftp.login('anonymous', '')
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3.Main function to download file, and updated version name into the configurations file:

def main():
    coccoc_version = download_latest_coccoc_dev_installer()
    if coccoc_version not in "Already latest":
        CocCocConfigs.update_coccoc_dev_version(coccoc_version)
    else:
        pass


if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

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You can checkout the full source code in github in here

Hope this helps.

Peace!!!

Notes: If you feel this blog help you and want to show the appreciation, feel free to drop by :

This will help me to contributing more valued contents.

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