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Muhammad Usman
Muhammad Usman

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AVL Tree

In this tutorial, you will learn what an avl tree is. Also, you will find working examples of various operations performed on an avl tree in C++ and Python.

AVL tree is a self-balancing binary search tree in which each node maintains extra information called a balance factor whose value is either -1, 0 or +1.

AVL tree got its name after its inventor Georgy Adelson-Velsky and Landis.

Balance Factor

Balance factor of a node in an AVL tree is the difference between the height of the left subtree and that of the right subtree of that node.

Balance Factor = (Height of Left Subtree - Height of Right Subtree) or (Height of Right Subtree - Height of Left Subtree)

The self balancing property of an avl tree is maintained by the balance factor. The value of balance factor should always be -1, 0 or +1.



Complexities of Different Operations on an AVL Tree


AVL Tree Applications

  • For indexing large records in databases
  • For searching in large databases

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