In this blog we are going to review some basic git commands, we are going to work through all essential git commands that you need to start working with git efficiently and productive
After downloading and installing
git bash you will need to set up this information so that git can start working properly but this will only be set once , unless you re-install new git
# - check git version git --version # - configure you Name and your email to identify yourself with Git git config --global user.name "Your Name" git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org"
in case you are creating new repository to track your file changes
you will need to use this command
# - initializing git repository git init
when you want to see the status of the files in the repository, again in the current branch you will use this command which will show untracked files etc
# - show status of the repository # - shows files which have been changed, # tracked, staged etc git status
all about adding files to git repository, notice that you can use
remove instead of
add if you want to unstage files or remove files
# - staging : adding files to stage area # - staging area : files that are going to be included # in next commit # - staging one file git add file.js # - staging multiple files git add file.js file2.js file3.js # - staging all files git add .
saving changes you made in the repository.
# - commit : a term used for saving changes # to a repository # - committing changes made from stagged files # - '-m' means message , a message should be descriptive # - showing what changes really made in the repository git commit -m "Commit message"
list of necessary commands that you need to work through your git repository history.
# - view your commit history git log # - revert / go back to certain commit # - '07e239f2f' is a sample commit id that we are # trying to go back on git checkout 07e239f2f # - going back to the latest commit on # the 'master' branch git checkout master
list of commands that you will work with to interact with branches in the repository
# - Creating new branch # - 'new-branch-name' is the name of the new branch git branch new-branch-name # - switching to branch in the repository # - if branch 'branch-name' does not exists # on the repository git will create it git switch branch-name # - switch to any branch in the repository # - 'master' is the branch we want to switch on git checkout master # - list all branch in the repository git branch #merge 'branch-name' to active branch git merge branch-name # - delete branch # - 'branch-name' is the branch we are deleting git branch -d branch-name
All of these commands are super easy to work with as they are easily explained , with them you can start using
github or any other tool so that you can now control versions of your system , and I am pretty sure that it is a good note for those who already know
git, Thank you