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Server-Side Rendering with Vue 3: Boosting Your Web App's Performance


In the ever-evolving landscape of web development, delivering a fast and seamless user experience has become paramount. One of the techniques gaining momentum in achieving this goal is Server-Side Rendering (SSR). In this article, we will delve into the world of SSR with Vue 3, exploring its benefits, and implementation, and addressing common questions that arise along the way.

What is Server-Side Rendering (SSR)?

Server-Side Rendering, often abbreviated as SSR, is a rendering technique that allows web applications to generate and serve fully rendered HTML pages directly from the server. In contrast to the traditional Single Page Application (SPA) approach, where the client's browser fetches raw data and then assembles the webpage, SSR sends a pre-rendered HTML page to the client. This approach has several advantages, making it increasingly popular among web developers.

Advantages of Server-Side Rendering:

1. Improved Performance

One of the primary benefits of SSR is improved page load times. When a user requests a page, they receive an HTML document with all the necessary content already populated. This leads to faster initial rendering, enhancing the user experience, especially on slower connections or less powerful devices.

2. SEO Friendliness

Search engines can efficiently crawl and index SSR-generated pages because they receive fully rendered HTML. This is in contrast to SPAs, which require complex indexing workarounds and may not be as SEO-friendly.

3. Enhanced User Experience

With SSR, users can start interacting with your web application faster since they don't have to wait for JavaScript to download and execute. This reduces the dreaded "blank screen" time, resulting in a smoother user experience.

Implementing SSR with Vue 3

Now that we understand the benefits of SSR let's explore how to implement it using Vue 3.

1. Setting Up a Vue 3 Project

To begin, create a new Vue 3 project using Vue CLI or any other preferred method. Ensure that you have Vue Router and Vuex installed, as they are crucial for SSR.

vue create my-ssr-app
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2. Adding Vue Server Renderer

Vue provides a package called vue-server-renderer that enables server-side rendering. Install it into your project:

npm install vue-server-renderer
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3. Create an SSR Entry Point

In your project, create an entry point specifically for server-side rendering. Conventionally, this file is named server-entry.js. This entry point will handle the SSR-specific configurations and logic.

// server-entry.js
import { createApp } from 'vue';
import App from './App.vue';

export default (context) => {
  const app = createApp(App);

  // Apply any server-specific logic here

  return app;
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4. Configure Your Server

You need a Node.js server to handle SSR requests. Popular choices include Express.js or Koa.js. Set up your server to render Vue components on the server side.

// server.js
const express = require('express');
const { createRenderer } = require('vue-server-renderer');
const serverBundle = require('./dist/server-bundle.json');
const template = require('fs').readFileSync('./index.html', 'utf-8');

const app = express();
const renderer = createRenderer({

app.get('*', (req, res) => {
  const context = { url: req.url };
  renderer.renderToString(context, (err, html) => {
    if (err) {
      res.status(500).end('Internal Server Error');

app.listen(3000, () => {
  console.log('Server started on http://localhost:3000');
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5. Building Your Project

Compile your Vue 3 project for SSR:

npm run build:ssr
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6. Start Your Server

Start your Node.js server:

node server.js
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With these steps, your Vue 3 application should be up and running with server-side rendering!

FAQ Section

Q1: Is SSR suitable for all types of web applications?

A1: SSR is beneficial for applications that require SEO optimization and enhanced initial load times. However, it may not be the best choice for highly dynamic, real-time applications where client-side rendering (CSR) or a hybrid approach could be more suitable.

Q2: Does SSR replace client-side rendering (CSR)?

A2: No, SSR is not a complete replacement for CSR. In many cases, a hybrid approach that combines both CSR and SSR is ideal. SSR handles the initial page load, while CSR takes over for subsequent interactions, providing a smooth user experience.

Q3: Are there any performance trade-offs with SSR?

A3: While SSR improves initial load times, it can increase server load and complexity. Proper caching strategies and server optimization are crucial to mitigate these potential drawbacks.

Q4: Can I use third-party libraries and plugins with SSR in Vue 3?

A4: Yes, Vue 3 supports SSR-compatible third-party libraries and plugins. Ensure that the libraries you choose are SSR-ready to avoid compatibility issues.


Server-side rendering with Vue 3 offers substantial benefits in terms of performance and SEO optimization. By pre-rendering HTML content on the server, you can significantly improve the user experience and search engine visibility of your web applications. While SSR requires additional configuration and server-side rendering logic, the advantages it brings to the table make it a valuable technique for modern web development. Consider integrating SSR into your Vue 3 projects to unlock its potential and provide users with faster, SEO-friendly web experiences.

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