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Mastering Angular Lazy Loading: A Comprehensive Guide


Angular, a popular JavaScript framework, is renowned for its powerful features and scalability. One of its key features that contributes to performance optimization is lazy loading. Lazy loading allows developers to load modules, components, and assets on-demand, improving the initial page load time and enhancing the user experience.

In this article, we will delve deep into Angular lazy loading, explaining what it is, how it works, and providing a step-by-step example. By the end, you'll be equipped with the knowledge to implement lazy loading in your Angular applications effectively.

Understanding Lazy Loading

What is Lazy Loading?

Lazy loading is a technique in Angular that defers the loading of certain parts of your application until they are actually needed. Instead of loading the entire application upfront, which can lead to slower initial loading times, Angular splits the application into smaller modules and only loads them when requested.

Lazy loading is particularly beneficial for large-scale applications with numerous features and routes. By loading modules lazily, you can reduce the initial bundle size, resulting in faster page loads and a smoother user experience.

How Does Lazy Loading Work?

Angular achieves lazy loading by using the Angular Router. When a user navigates to a specific route associated with a lazy-loaded module, Angular fetches and loads that module on-the-fly. This process involves dynamically importing the module's JavaScript file, rendering its components, and making them available to the user.

Implementing Lazy Loading in Angular

Now, let's walk through a step-by-step example of how to implement lazy loading in an Angular application.

Step 1: Create an Angular Project

If you haven't already, create a new Angular project using the Angular CLI by running the following command:

ng new lazy-loading-demo
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Step 2: Create Lazy-Loadable Modules

In Angular, you can create separate modules for different sections of your application. For this example, let's create two modules: a Home module and a Products module. Use the following CLI command to generate these modules:

ng generate module home
ng generate module products
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Step 3: Define Lazy-Loadable Routes

Now, you need to define the routes for your lazy-loadable modules. Open the app-routing.module.ts file and configure the routes as follows:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule, Routes } from '@angular/router';

const routes: Routes = [
  { path: 'home', loadChildren: () => import('./home/home.module').then(m => m.HomeModule) },
  { path: 'products', loadChildren: () => import('./products/products.module').then(m => m.ProductsModule) },
  // Other routes
  { path: '', redirectTo: '/home', pathMatch: 'full' },

  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
export class AppRoutingModule { }
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Here, we use the loadChildren property to specify which module should be loaded lazily when a route is accessed.

Step 4: Lazy-Load Module Components

In each lazy-loadable module (e.g., home and products), create the components you want to display when their respective routes are accessed.

Step 5: Update the App Component

In your app.component.html file, add a router outlet to display the lazy-loaded components:

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Step 6: Serve Your Application

Now, you can serve your Angular application by running:

ng serve
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Q1: What are the advantages of lazy loading in Angular?

Lazy loading in Angular offers several benefits, including:

  • Faster initial page load times.
  • Reduced bundle size.
  • Improved performance for large-scale applications.
  • Better user experience with faster navigation.

Q2: Can I lazy load third-party libraries and modules?

Yes, you can lazy load third-party libraries and modules in Angular. Just configure the routes and use the loadChildren property as shown in our example.

Q3: Are there any drawbacks to lazy loading?

While lazy loading is highly advantageous, it can introduce complexity to your project's architecture. Additionally, it may require careful route planning to ensure a smooth user experience.


Angular lazy loading is a powerful technique that enhances the performance of your web applications. By deferring the loading of modules until they are needed, you can significantly improve initial loading times and provide a smoother user experience. Now that you've learned how to implement lazy loading in Angular, you're well-equipped to optimize your Angular applications for better performance. Happy coding!

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