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Mastering Angular API Communication: A Guide to HTTP Interceptors

Optimizing Angular API Communication: The Art of HTTPInterceptor


In Angular applications, efficient communication with APIs is crucial for delivering a responsive and seamless user experience. Traditionally, managing HTTP requests and responses can become cumbersome, leading to code duplication and potential errors. However, Angular provides a powerful solution to streamline this process - HTTP interceptors. This article delves into the art of utilizing HTTP interceptors to optimize API communication in Angular applications.

Understanding HTTP Interceptors

HTTP interceptors in Angular allow you to intercept incoming and outgoing HTTP requests and responses. This interception enables you to modify or augment requests and responses centrally, without scattering logic across your application. By leveraging interceptors, you can implement cross-cutting concerns such as authentication, logging, caching, error handling, and more in a reusable and organized manner.

How do HTTP Interceptors Work?

HTTP interceptors in Angular operate on the concept of middleware, similar to how middleware functions in other web frameworks. When an HTTP request is made from your Angular application, it passes through a chain of interceptors before reaching the server. Similarly, the response from the server traverses back through the same chain of interceptors before reaching the calling code.

Implementing an HTTP Interceptor in Angular

Let's dive into a detailed example to understand how to implement an HTTP interceptor in Angular.

Step 1: Create an Interceptor Service

Firstly, create a new Angular service to define your interceptor. This service must implement the HttpInterceptor interface provided by Angular. Below is a basic skeleton of an interceptor service:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpInterceptor, HttpRequest, HttpHandler, HttpEvent } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

export class MyInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
  intercept(request: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
    // Logic to intercept and modify the request
    // or process the response
    return next.handle(request);
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Step 2: Register the Interceptor

After defining your interceptor service, you need to register it with Angular's HTTP client module. You can do this by providing it in the AppModule or any other module where it's required. Here's how you can register the interceptor:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClientModule, HTTP_INTERCEPTORS } from '@angular/common/http';
import { MyInterceptor } from './my-interceptor.service';

  imports: [
  providers: [
    { provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS, useClass: MyInterceptor, multi: true }
export class AppModule { }
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Step 3: Implement Interception Logic

Now, within the intercept method of your interceptor service, you can implement your desired logic. This could include adding headers, logging requests, handling errors, or modifying responses.

intercept(request: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
  // Add authorization token to the request
  const modifiedRequest = request.clone({
    setHeaders: {
      Authorization: `Bearer ${this.authService.getToken()}`

  // Log the outgoing request
  console.log('Outgoing request:', modifiedRequest);

  // Process the request
  return next.handle(modifiedRequest)
      catchError((error) => {
        // Handle errors
        console.error('Error occurred:', error);
        throw error;
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Q: Can I have multiple interceptors in my Angular application?

A: Yes, you can have multiple interceptors in your Angular application. Angular's HTTP client module allows you to provide an array of interceptors, and they will be executed in the order they are provided.

Q: Can I conditionally intercept requests or responses?

A: Absolutely. You have full control over the interception logic within your interceptor service. You can conditionally modify requests or responses based on specific criteria, such as the URL, HTTP method, or content type.

Q: Are interceptors suitable for caching data from API responses?

A: While interceptors can be used for caching, it's essential to consider the implications carefully. Caching logic within interceptors should be implemented judiciously to avoid stale data issues and ensure proper cache invalidation strategies.


HTTP interceptors are a powerful feature of Angular that enables you to centralize and streamline API communication logic within your applications. By implementing interceptors, you can effectively manage cross-cutting concerns and optimize the efficiency and reliability of your Angular applications' interactions with external APIs. Start harnessing the power of HTTP interceptors in your Angular projects today for cleaner, more maintainable code and a better user experience.

Top comments (2)

danishhafeez profile image
Danish Hafeez

This article on mastering Angular API communication through HTTP interceptors is an absolute gem! It provides clear and concise guidance, making it easy for developers to enhance their skills and create robust applications with seamless data exchange. A must-read for anyone looking to elevate their Angular expertise!

Best regard
Danish hafeez | QA Assistant

chintanonweb profile image

Thank you so much