Version Control System's are the software which is continuously seeing in your code and whenever you made a single change in your code they report it and took a snapshot and save it in their memory.
So the basic work of VCS(version control system) is the management of our code over time.
VCS keeps track of each modification you made it in your code. If you want to revert back in the code.
- If you add some code in your project and that code gives you an error in your project and you need to go back to the previous position so you can compare your code with the help of VCS so that you will know what you add and delete in your project and revert back to the previous position.
- VCS protects your source code from unattended access in your projects.
- VCS helps developers to work simultaneously on the same project. If VCS is not there then it is almost impossible to collaborate on the same project until and unless the person is sitting next to you.
- VCS follows a tree data structure so the software made one node per participant and the changes made by the participant goes downside of the participant node as a child node that will help us to track the changes made by each participant in the project.
- VCS take backups of our project if by chance we delete anything which is mandatory to run our project so we can download or pull that from the repository(project folder on the server of VCS).
- Apache Subversion
- AWS CodeCommit
- Microsoft Team Foundation Server
- CVS Version Control (Concurrent Versions System)
Each has its own advantages and disadvantages but the most preferred by the community is Git.
Follow the instruction here