DEV Community

Cover image for VOID in JavaScript
capscode
capscode

Posted on • Updated on • Originally published at capscode.in

VOID in JavaScript

Hello Devs,

If you are a web developer then you must know this concept of JavaScript i.e VOID / VOID(0)
In this article i am going to tell you everything about VOID operator in JavaScript.
So without wasting any time, lets get into the article

Table of contents

What is VOID ?

void: void means completely empty/ or nothing
NOTE: null and void are different

⬆ Back to Top

What VOID operator do ?

void operator in JS evaluates the given expression and then returns undefined

syntax:
void(2+3) //this evaluated 2+3 and return undefined:
lets prove this
void(console.log(2+3))//this will print 5 but return undefined

⬆ Back to Top

What is the use of VOID operator ?

use of void(0) in <a> tag
Void(0) is used to prevent the page from refreshing and parameter "zero" is passed while calling.
Void(0) is used to call another method without refreshing the page.

⬆ Back to Top

When to use Javascript void ?

We can use Javascript void(0) when we do not want the browser to load a new page or refresh the same page​ when a link is clicked. Instead, we want the browser to perform the Javascript attached to that link.

⬆ Back to Top

why to use void ?

<a href="" onclick="alert('The page will reload!!!')">Click Here to display alert!</a>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Click Here to display alert!
this will show alert and then reload the page.

<a href="javascript:void(0);" onclick="alert('The page will not reload.')">Click Here to display alert!</a>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Click Here to display alert!
this will alert but will not reload the page.

We can also run any JS code without reloading or refreshing the page.

<a id='link' href="javascript:void(document.querySelector('#link').style.color = 'green')">Link</a>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Another use case of links with the javascript:void(0) reference is that sometimes, a link may run some JavaScript code in the background, and navigating may be unnecessary. In this case, the expressions would be used as the arguments passed to void.

A common usage of JavaScript:Void(0) is with hyperlinks.

Sometimes, you may need to call some JavaScript from within a link. Normally, when you click a link, the browser loads a new page or refreshes the same page (depending on the URL specified). But you probably don't want this to happen if you've attached some JavaScript to that link.

To prevent the page from unnecessary refreshing, you could use JavaScript:void(0).

some additional examples:

<a href="#" ondblclick="alert('Well done!')">Double Click Me!</a>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Double Click Me!
--page refreshed as soon you clicked the link

<a href="JavaScript:void(0);" ondblclick="alert('Well done!')">Double Click Me!</a>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Double Click Me!
--this don't

⬆ Back to Top

Thank you for reading this far. This is a brief introduction of VOID in JS .
If you find this article useful, like and share this article. Someone could find it useful too. If you find anything technically inaccurate please feel free to comment below.
Now you can also play around the objects in JS.

Hope its a nice and informative read for you.
VISIT https://www.capscode.in/#/blog TO LEARN MORE...

IF MY ARTICLES HELPED YOU

Buy Me A Coffee

Thanks,
@capscode

Discussion (1)

Collapse
lionelrowe profile image
lionel-rowe

You mention that void is an operator, just like + is, but it seems there might be some confusion between operators and functions. void doesn't need to be "called" with parentheses, and the expression that follows it isn't an "argument".

  • void 0 and void(0) are the same, just as +0 and +(0) are the same.
  • void; is a syntax error, as is +;, whereas someFunction; isn't.

One other handy usage for the void operator is with simple arrow functions in TypeScript where undefined is the expected return type and you want to do something side-effect-ey that returns a value:

type PushFn = (n: number) => undefined

const arr: number[] = []

// Type error: Type 'number' is not assignable to type 'undefined'.
const pushFn1: PushFn = (n) => arr.push(n)

// OK
const pushFn2: PushFn = (n) => void arr.push(n)
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode