TLDR: Stressing over tools and languages isn't useful for the new coder. Beginners should focus on learning reusable concepts like iteration, logic, and data structures.
Queen's Gambit is a great show on Netflix that has been exploding chess' popularity. I love it! But!... one scene in the first episode frustrated me. Right after the first few games, Beth's chess friend tells her to learn the Sicilian opening and gives her a book of chess openings!
That doesn't deter her genius play, but it wouldn't work for most beginning chess players. Beginners need to study tactics, not openings.
In chess, openings are the shiny objects. They have attractive names like Sicilian Dragon, the Spanish game, or the Caro-Kann defense. People will go passionately instruct you to learn one or the other to win. They'll call other openings "boring" or "lazy" or not for "real players".
The same thing happens to beginner programmers.
Without context, it's overwhelming. There's a ton of literature and a lot of it is actually quite entertaining. People pick fights constantly on Twitter to push their favorite tool or language.
But these are the shiny objects of programming.
I once heard a chess coach say that they teach new players two openings, one for white and one for black. Then players do tactics. Why? Because you're going to spend most of your game either trying to cause or defend against tactics. The openings are just enough to get a player safely to the middlegame, where tactics and strategy are more important.
For new coders, I say move past the shiny.
Learn enough of a language to get started, then move on to problems and projects. Follow a tutorial and make changes to it. Do problems on a site like Exercism.
The core concepts for beginning programmers are:
- Logic, like if/else conditionals
- Iteration, like loops
- Data structures
Get enough knowledge to get to the core concepts and you'll find that the language itself doesn't matter as much. Many in the industry switch languages multiple times a day, and that's because their foundation in the core concepts is solid.