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WDS13 - Block Level and Inline Elements

Omkar Ajnadkar
Masters in Computer Science at The University of Texas at Dallas
Originally published at on ・2 min read

In the last article we learned about:

  • Unordered list in HTML
  • Ordered list in HTML Till now we have seen various HTML elements which we used to customise our document. This all the elements can be divided into two main parts.
  1. HTML Block-level Elements
  2. HTML Inline Elements

HTML Block-level Elements

  • A block level element always starts on a new line.
  • This element takes up the full width available.
  • Examples:

    • <header>
    • <ol>
    • <ul>
    • <li>
    • <table>
    • <blockquote>
    • <p>
    • <h1> to <h6>
  • The good and realistic question is how will you know which element is taking full width available on screen? Simply set background color to non-white color and you will get your answer.

  • <div> element which we will study later in this post, is one of the most important block level element which is used to create blocks in HTML to easily seperate one part from other.

 HTML Inline Elements

  • An Inline element does not start on a new line.
  • This element takes up as much width as necessary.
  • Examples:

    • <a>
    • <big>
    • <strong>
    • <abbr>
    • <br>
    • <em>
    • <i>
    • <sub>
    • <sup>
    • <b>
    • <img>
    • <map>
    • <small>
  • Just like <div> in block elements, we use <span> element in inline places as container. We are going to study it in this article.

The <div> element

  • For creating containers in HTML, we use <div> element which is block level element.
  • It is used to group similar elements in one container, so we can simplify our code and also it gets easy to style them with CSS.
  • Without CSS for now, we can use style attribute in HTML to customise each div accordingly.

The <span> element

  • The <span> element is often used as a container for some text.
  • We can use style attribute discussed earlier with the <span> element.
  • Always remember that it is the inline element. 

That's all for this article. In the next post, we will study how we can insert one webpage inside other. Comment on how you think this article is, what improvements should I do and for any doubts. Share with your friends and _ keep coding _.



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