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Wade H. for Bitovi

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Angular A11y ESLint Rules

Making a web application accessible can feel like a daunting task, particularly if you aren't used to taking accessibility into consideration.

The @angular-eslint repo includes a number of linting rules that can help enforce accessibility best practices within Angular component templates.

It is important to note, however, that these rules do not check attributes and roles set using the host section of the @Component decorator, or ones set using @HostBinding decorators.

While passing these rules isn't a guarantee or metric for ensuring full accessibility, it is a step in the right direction.

For convenience, I've divided the rules I will be covering into three groups. The first group, general, covers ARIA roles and attributes. The second group, content, includes rules related to textual representations of content. The last group, interactivity, includes rules pertaining to user interaction and event handling.

General Rules

@angular-eslint/template/accessibility-valid-aria

This rule makes sure that all role and aria-* attributes used are valid.

Rule Source

Content Rules

@angular-eslint/template/accesssibility-alt-text

Checks visual elements <img>, <object>, <area> and <input> (of type 'image') to make sure they have descriptive text.

  • <img> elements must have an alt attribute
  • <object> elements must have either a title or aria-label attribute
  • <area> elements must have either an alt or aria-label attribute
  • <input> elements with type='image' must have either an alt or aria-label attribute

Rule Source

Related Guidelines:

@angular-eslint/template/accessibility-elements-content

Checks heading, anchor and button elements to make sure they contain accessible content. This can be in the form of text, binding to [innerText], [innerHtml] or [outerHTML], or use of aria-label or title attributes.

Rule Source

Related guidelines:

@angular-eslint/template/accessibility-label-for

Check that label elements and label components are associated with form elements.

Default behavior expects label elements to either be associated with an input element via the for attribute, or to contain a <button>, <input>, <meter>, <output>, <progress>, <select>, or <textarea> element.

Configuration Options:

{
    "controlComponents": [], 
    "labelComponents": [], 
    "labelAttributes": []
}
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  • controlComponents - Specify components to treat as input elements (in addition to ones mentioned above)
  • labelComponents - Specify components to treat as label elements (in addition to label)
  • labelAttributes - Specify attributes that can satisfy label being associated with an input element (in addition to for and htmlFor)

Rule Source

Related guidelines:

Interactivity Rules

@angular-eslint/template/no-positive-tabindex

This rule checks to make sure tabindex is only ever being set to 0 (element is tab focusable) or -1 (element is not tab focusable), and not a positive value that interferes with the automatic tab order of elements.

Rule Source

Related Guidelines:

@angular-eslint/template/click-events-have-key-events

Requires elements with click event handlers also handle at least one key event (keyup, keydown or keypress)

Rule Source

Related Guidelines:

@angular-eslint/template/mouse-events-have-key-events

Requires any element with a mouseout event handler to also handle blur events, and any element with a mouseover event handler to also handle focus events.

Rule Source

Related Guidelines:

Passing these rules is an easy way to start the journey of making your Angular applications accessible, and hopefully encourage you to consider accessibility as you develop.

Additional Reading:

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