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benboorstein
benboorstein

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My Raw Notes for the Week of 9-6-2021

// HTML
<h1 class="title">API Challenge 3</h1>
<h2 class="get-facts-heading">Get Facts for Estonia</h2>
<div class="ul-container">
  <ul>
    <li>
      <button class="get-region-name">Get name of region</button>
      <p class="region-name-p"></p>
    </li>
    <li>
      <button class="get-subregion-name">Get name of subregion</button>
      <p class="subregion-name-p"></p>
    </li>
    <li>
      <button class="get-capital-name">Get name of capital</button>
      <p class="capital-name-p"></p>
    </li>
    <li>
      <button class="get-flag">Get flag</button>
      <p class="flag-p"></p>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

// CSS
* {
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

body {
  margin: 0;
  padding: 15px 100px;
  font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
}

.title {
  margin: 0;
  text-align: center;
}

.get-facts-heading {
  margin-top: 70px;
  font-weight: normal;
}

.ul-container {
  font-size: large;
  height: 300px;
}

ul {
  height: 100%;
  list-style-type: none;
  padding: 0;
  margin: 0;
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: space-around;
}

li {
  display: flex;
  justify-content: space-between;
  align-items: center;
}

button {
  border: none;
  border-radius: 5px;
  background-color: lightgreen;
  cursor: pointer;
  font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
  font-size: large;
  padding: 4px 8px;
}

button:hover {
  background-color: rgb(158, 255, 158);
}

button:active {
  background-color: rgb(121, 207, 121);
}

p {
  margin: 0 700px 0 0;
}

// JS
const regionP = document.querySelector('.region-name-p')
const subregionP = document.querySelector('.subregion-name-p') 
const capitalP = document.querySelector('.capital-name-p')

function callAPI(paragraph, objProp) {
  const COUNTRY_URL = 'https://restcountries.eu/rest/v2/name/estonia' // Robert note: "In JS, 'fetch()' only needs the URL. 'curl' -- as in, 'curl -H "Accept: application/json" https://restcountries.eu/rest/v2/name/estonia' -- is a Command Prompt tool that requires all that other stuff." // FYI: To clear Command Prompt in Windows: 'cls' + 'enter'
  const promise = fetch(COUNTRY_URL, { headers: {'Accept': 'application/json'} }) // this second parameter is so that what I get back is in a JSON format, instead of an HTML, or any other, format
  promise
    .then(function(response) {
      const processingPromise = response.json()
      return processingPromise
    })
    .then(function(processedResponse) {
      paragraph.textContent = processedResponse[0][objProp]
    })
}

// the four event handlers
document.querySelector('.get-region-name').addEventListener('click', function() {
  callAPI(regionP, 'region') 
})

document.querySelector('.get-subregion-name').addEventListener('click', function() {
  callAPI(subregionP, 'subregion') 
})

document.querySelector('.get-capital-name').addEventListener('click', function() {
  callAPI(capitalP, 'capital') 
})

document.querySelector('.get-flag').addEventListener('click', function() {
  const COUNTRY_URL = 'https://restcountries.eu/rest/v2/name/estonia'
  const promise = fetch(COUNTRY_URL, { headers: {'Accept': 'application/json'} })
  const flagP = document.querySelector('.flag-p')
  promise
    .then(function(response) {
      const processingPromise = response.json()
      return processingPromise
    })
    .then(function(processedResponse) {
      const img = document.createElement('img')
      img.src = processedResponse[0].flag
      img.alt = 'flag of Estonia'
      img.width = '45'
      img.style.display = 'block'
      img.style.objectPosition = '0 5px' // to vertically center flag img
      flagP.appendChild(img)
    })
    document.querySelector('.flag-p').textContent = '' // here so that if '.get-flag' button is clicked a second time, a second flag doesn't appear...I didn't want to use '.disabled' because then it graphically subdues the button, which I don't want
})
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