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Install and Launch JMeter GUI on AWS EC2

When you run performance tests using JMeter on cloud instances, you typically do not need to launch the user interface of JMeter. Especially if your CI/CD pipelines are designed properly, the JMeter scripts will be checked out from git repo for further execution. In some cases, you may need to open the user interface from a cloud instance for a quick edit or to validate the settings. In this blog article, we will see how to install and launch JMeter GUI on AWS EC2.


The following are the prerequisites to install and launch JMeter GUI on AWS EC2.

  • an AWS Instance
  • Java
  • JMeter
  • xauth
  • Putty or Mobaxterm

Installing Java and JMeter

Spin up an Amazon Linux 2 EC2 instance and ssh into it. Instructions to launch EC2 are beyond the scope of this blog article. Once the ssh is successful, issue the commands below which will update the packages, install Java and JMeter.

sudo yum update -y
sudo yum install java-17-amazon-corretto -y

# validate java
java -version

# download JMeter 5.5

# download JMeter 5.5 checksum
sha512sum apache-jmeter-5.5.tgz

# validate checksum
if [[ $(cat apache-jmeter-5.5.tgz.sha512 | awk '{print $1}') -eq $(sha512sum apache-jmeter-5.5.tgz | awk '{print $1}') ]] ; then echo "Valid checksum. Proceeding to extract."; else echo "Invalid Checksum, please download it from secured source." ; fi ;

# extracting JMeter
tar -xf apache-jmeter-5.5.tgz
rm apache-jmeter-5.5.tgz

# validate JMeter
cd apache-jmeter-5.5/bin/
./jmeter -v

Congratulations! You have successfully installed Java and JMeter on AWS EC2.

SSH Client Configuration

The next step is to install MobaXterm or Putty. Installing MobaXterm and Putty is straightforward. Here are the links for MobaXterm and Putty. Both MobaXterm and Putty have packed with X11 package.

In MobaXterm, go to Settings > Configuration, then click X11 tab to view the X11 settings.

MobaXterm X11 Settings
MobaXterm X11 Settings

In Putty, you need to enable X11 explicitly by navigating to Connection > X11, then check Enable X11 forwarding as shown below.

Putty X11 Settings
Putty X11 Settings

Installing X and Launching J

The next step is to install xauth in EC2. SSH into EC2 using either MobaXterm or Putty, then issue the commands below to install xauth and configure the DISPLAY parameter.

sudo yum install xauth -y

export DISPLAY=localhost:10.0

# validate X11 forwarding
# this should print `X11Forwarding yes`
sudo cat /etc/ssh/sshd_config | grep X11

# reboot
sudo reboot

After rebooting successfully, ssh again, then navigate to apache-jmeter-5.5/bin/, then run ./jmeter.

It will launch the JMeter GUI as shown below.

JMeter GUI on AWS EC2
JMeter GUI on AWS EC2

Similarly, you can also leverage Putty to ssh into it, then launch the GUI.

Final Words

As mentioned above, it is easy and straightforward to launch JMeter GUI on AWS EC2 for a quick edit. With this setup, there is no need to download the test plan locally then launch it using a local installation of JMeter. For macOS, you can use XQuartz.

Top comments (1)

iainelder profile image
Iain Samuel McLean Elder

Thanks! This is exactly what I needed.

For me there was just one missing piece

I ran into the following error when launching JMeter:

java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: Can't load library: /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-amazon-corretto.x86_64/lib/
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

It turned out that java-11-amazon-corretto was already installed on the EC2 instance, was running as the default version of Java, and lacked a certain library that JMeter needs.

I read Amazon Corretto 17 Installation Instructions for Amazon Linux 2 and Amazon Linux 2022 to learn how to fix it.

I ran the command sudo alternatives --config java and choose java-17-amazon-corretto at the prompt. This changes the default Java version to the one we want.

Now it works!