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Understanding Zustand: A Beginner's Guide with TypeScript

State management is a crucial aspect of building modern web applications, especially in React. While there are several state management libraries available, Zustand is gaining popularity due to its simplicity and flexibility. In this beginner-friendly blog post, we will explore the basics of Zustand and how to use it with TypeScript.

What is Zustand?

Zustand is a small and fast state management library for React applications. It is designed to be simple, efficient, and easy to use, making it an excellent choice for developers who want a lightweight alternative to more complex state management solutions like Redux or Mobx.

Zustand provides a minimal API surface and leverages the power of React's context and hooks to manage application state. This means you can manage your application's state without the need for additional dependencies or boilerplate code.

Basic Concepts

Here are the basic concepts of Zustand:


In Zustand, a store is the central place where you manage your application's state. It's essentially a JavaScript object that holds your data. You can think of it as the single source of truth for your application's state. Stores are created using the create function provided by Zustand.


State in Zustand refers to the data that you want to manage in your application. It's the information that can change over time.


Actions in Zustand are functions that allow you to modify the state. These functions are defined within the store and are responsible for updating the state in a controlled manner. In the example above, increment and decrement are actions that change the count state.


Zustand provides a hook to access the state and actions within your React components. The hook is usually named useStore (or whatever name you gave to your store when creating it). You can use this hook to access and update the state in your components.


Zustand is efficient in handling component re-renders. When you use the useStore hook, Zustand automatically subscribes your component to the state it needs. This means your component will re-render only when the relevant part of the state changes, reducing unnecessary re-renders and improving performance.

Type Safety:

Zustand plays nicely with TypeScript. You can define types for your state and actions to ensure type safety throughout your application, reducing runtime errors.


Zustand allows you to add middleware to your store, which can be helpful for debugging, logging, or intercepting state changes before they propagate to components.

Store Composition:

You can create multiple Zustand stores for different parts of your application and compose them as needed. This provides a clean and organized way to manage your state.

Getting Started with Zustand and TypeScript

To get started with Zustand, you'll need to set up a React project. If you haven't already, create a new React application using vite.

npm create vite@latest

Next, install Zustand as dependency:

npm install zustand

Now, let's create a simple example to demonstrate how to use Zustand with TypeScript.

Example: A Counter App

Imagine we want to build a basic counter application with Zustand and TypeScript.

Setting Up the Store:

First, let's set up our Zustand store. Create a file named


import { create } from 'zustand';

interface CounterState {
  count: number;
  increment: () => void;
  decrement: () => void;

export const useCounterStore = create<CounterState>((set) => ({
  count: 0,
  increment: () => set((state) => ({ count: state.count + 1 })),
  decrement: () => set((state) => ({ count: state.count - 1 })),

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Here, we define a CounterState interface to describe our store's shape, including the count state and methods to increment and decrement it.

Using the Store in a Component:

Now, let's create a component that uses our Zustand store. In a file named Counter.tsx:

import React from 'react';
import { useCounterStore } from './counterStore';

const Counter: React.FC = () => {
  const { count, increment, decrement } = useCounterStore();

  return (
      <h1>Count: {count}</h1>
      <button onClick={increment}>Increment</button>
      <button onClick={decrement}>Decrement</button>

export default Counter;

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In this component, we use the useCounterStore hook to access the count state and the increment and decrement methods from our store.

Using the Counter Component:

Finally, let's use our Counter component in the App.tsx file:

import React from 'react';
import './App.css';
import Counter from './Counter';

function App() {
  return (
    <div className="App">
      <Counter />

export default App;

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Now, you can run your React application using npm run dev, and you'll have a working counter app powered by Zustand and TypeScript.


We just used Zustand, a lightweight state management library for React, and demonstrated how to use it with TypeScript. Zustand's simplicity and efficiency make it a compelling choice for managing state in your React applications, especially for beginners who want to avoid the complexity of other state management solutions. Happy coding!

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