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Cover image for TIL: You Can Access A User’s Camera with Just HTML
Austin Gil
Austin Gil

Posted on • Originally published at on

TIL: You Can Access A User’s Camera with Just HTML

The other day I came across a cool HTML attribute I had never heard of before; capture. So I decided to make a video and blog post about it.

Here’s a video format if you prefer that:

You can put the capture attribute on inputs with the type of file, and you can give it a value of “user” or “environment“.

The interesting thing about the capture attribute is for users coming to your website on a mobile device. If they interact with that input, instead of opening up the default file picker, it will actually open up one of their cameras. It could be the front facing camera or the back facing camera, depending on the value.

If you set the value to “user“, it will use the user facing or front facing camera and or microphone. And if you set it to “environment“, it will use the outer facing or back facing camera and or microphone.

To test is out myself, I created an index.html file that looked like this:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <meta charset="UTF-8" />
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1" />
    * {
      font-size: 1.5rem;

  <label for="environment">Capture environment:</label>
  <label for="user">Capture user:</label>

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The only relevant part of the HTML is the two inputs. They both have a capture attribute and they both have an accept attribute. One is set to capture the “environment” with any type of video. The other is set to capture the “user” with any type of image.

The capture attribute that doesn’t really do anything interesting on a desktop. When I click the inputs, I see that it opens up the file picker.

But here’s the interesting part…

If I bring up that page on my phone and click the first input, my camera opens in the video recording mode. When I click the second input, my phone opens up the camera in image capture mode (for some reason, my phone doesn’t differentiate between front or back facing cameras though).

When you actually snap a photo or video, that file is sent to the HTML input.

How cool is that!?!?

Now, anytime we talk about new web APIs or features, we have to discuss the compatibility and if we look at the support on, it doesn’t look great…

Screenshot of showing no support for desktop browsers.

But it actually makes sense because all of those unsupported browsers are actually desktop browsers where there isn’t a front facing or back facing camera. So it makes sense to only open up the file picker.

But all the supported browsers are mobile browsers. So that feature is good to go.

The other cool thing is even if a user comes to your application with an unsupported browser, it’s just going to fall back to the default file picker UI.

Progressive Enhancement FTW!!!

So that’s the HTML capture attribute. It’s a pretty cool way to add a nicer user experience if you know that your mobile users are going to be taking a picture or a video or a voice recording at the time of upload.

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Originally published on

Top comments (2)

sloan profile image
Sloan the DEV Moderator


Would you please consider embedding your video here instead of just linking to it? This way folks can see your content and discuss things on DEV without having to navigate elsewhere.

You might not have realized, but DEV actually allows folks to embed YouTube & Vimeo videos via Liquid Tags. For instance, writing:

{% embed %}


By the way, here's a link to the editor guide where you can see other liquid tags and formatting options.

Hope this is helpful! 🙂

austingil profile image
Austin Gil

Absolutely. Thanks for the tip. I actually tried to search for how to do it, and that was what I found. But this syntax looks different. I'll update it now.