Originally posted on Ashraful's Blog
❓ What is future module btw?
- future is python built-in module.
- It serves three purposes,
- To avoid confusing existing tools that analyze import statements and expect to find the modules they’re importing.
- To ensure future statements run under release prior to 2.1 at least yield runtime exceptions
- future will allow you to use a feature from the future.
I know it sounds crazy for the first time you heard. But it's real. Let's dig into this.
🔥 More about future.
future module introduced from python 2.1. On the source of cpython's
__future__.py there is defined each future feature like following,
FeatureName = _Feature(OptionalRelease, MandatoryRelease, CompilerFlag)
Where, normally, OptionalRelease is less than MandatoryRelease, and both are 5-tuples of the same form as sys.version_info
sys.version_info(major=3, minor=8, micro=1, releaselevel='final', serial=0)
💥 Okay! Enough talk. Let's see the usage.
Suppose, you are using python2(Though python 2 is dead. Just take it an example). You want to use the print function from python3. But how you can do it? Here comes the future module.
Python 3 Console
>>> >>> print('Hello', 'World', sep=', ', end='\n') Hello, World >>> >>>
In python2 you need to do the following,
>>> >>> from __future__ import print_function >>> >>> print('Hello', 'World', sep=', ', end='\n') Hello, World >>>
Here, I have imported print_fuction from future module. Then it's working as expected from python3. I hope you got it.
😳 Available future functions
See the source here
Good Luck 😃
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