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Using OpenWeatherMap API and Tkinter to create a graphical weather app

Hey guys, This short article provides a sample Python code that uses the Tkinter library to create a graphical user interface (GUI) for a weather app. The app allows users to enter a city name and retrieve weather information for that city from the OpenWeatherMap API. The GUI includes a background gradient image, a text entry field for the city name, and a button to retrieve the weather information.


import tkinter as tk
from tkinter import messagebox
import requests
from PIL import Image, ImageTk

def get_weather():
    city = city_entry.get()
    api_key = "your api key" #go to openweather 
    url = f"{city}&appid={api_key}"

    # Show loading state

    response = requests.get(url)
    weather_data = response.json()
    if "message" in weather_data:
        messagebox.showerror("Error", weather_data["message"])
        weather_text = f"City: {city}\n"
        weather_text += f"Temperature: {weather_data['main']['temp']}°F\n"
        weather_text += f"Pressure: {weather_data['main']['pressure']} hPa\n"
        weather_text += f"Humidity: {weather_data['main']['humidity']}%\n"
        weather_text += f"Min Temp: {weather_data['main']['temp_min']}°F\n"
        weather_text += f"Max Temp: {weather_data['main']['temp_max']}°F\n"
        weather_text += f"Wind Speed: {weather_data['wind']['speed']} m/s\n"
        weather_text += f"Description: {weather_data['weather'][0]['description']}\n"
        weather_text += f"Sunrise: {weather_data['sys']['sunrise']}\n"
        weather_text += f"Sunset: {weather_data['sys']['sunset']}\n"

        #update icon
        icon_name = weather_data['weather'][0]['icon']
        icon_url = f"{icon_name}@2x.png"
        icon_data = requests.get(icon_url)
        with open("icon.png", "wb") as f:
        icon_image = ImageTk.PhotoImage("icon.png"))
        icon_label.image = icon_image

root = tk.Tk()
root.title("Weather App")

# Create gradient image
gradient ="RGBA", (1, root.winfo_height()), "#8EC5FC")
pixels = gradient.load()
for y in range(gradient.size[1]):
    color = int(y / gradient.size[1] * 255), 140, 255
    for x in range(gradient.size[0]):
        pixels[x, y] = color
gradient = gradient.resize((root.winfo_width(), root.winfo_height()))
gradient = ImageTk.PhotoImage(gradient)

#Set gradient image as background
bg_label = tk.Label(root, image=gradient), rely=0, relheight=1, relwidth=1)

# Frame
frame = tk.Frame(root, bg='#80c1ff', bd=5), rely=0.1, relwidth=0.75, relheight=0.1, anchor='n')

# Entry
city_entry = tk.Entry(frame, font=("Courier", 14)), relheight=1)
city_entry.insert(0, "Washington D.C.")

# Get Weather button
get_weather_button = tk.Button(frame, text="Get Weather", font=("Courier", 12), command=get_weather), relwidth=0.3, relheight=1)

# Weather label
weather_frame = tk.Frame(root, bg='#80c1ff', bd=10), rely=0.3, relwidth=0.75, relheight=0.5, anchor='n')
weather_label = tk.Label(weather_frame, font=("Courier", 14), justify='left', bd=5), relheight=1)

# Weather icon
icon_frame = tk.Frame(weather_frame, bg='#80c1ff')
icon_label = tk.Label(icon_frame), rely=0.5, anchor='center'), rely=0.3, relwidth=0.2, relheight=0.4, anchor='n')


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weather app using python and tkinter

The code starts by importing the necessary libraries, including Tkinter, messagebox, requests, and PIL. The get_weather() function is defined next, which is called when the user clicks the "Get Weather" button. The function first retrieves the city name from the text entry field and constructs the URL for the OpenWeatherMap API request. It then sends the request and retrieves the weather data in the form of a JSON object.

If the response includes an error message, the code shows an error message dialog box. Otherwise, it parses the JSON data to extract the weather information and displays it in a label on the GUI. The code also retrieves the weather icon from the OpenWeatherMap API and displays it on the GUI.

The remaining code creates the GUI elements, including the background gradient image, frame, entry field, and buttons. The resulting weather app provides a simple and easy-to-use interface for retrieving weather information for a given city.

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