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Running springboot app on kubernetes with private repository

Arvind Kumar GS
Passionate software developer, Linux enthusiast, Clean code crusader, DIY advocate, Tech evangelist, Geek
Updated on ・3 min read

Instructions to build a single node cluster on Minikube with a private repository running on http. It runs a spring boot application container. This container is built from an image pulled from the private repository. Minikube will by default run in a virtual machine. So to make the registry available to the VM in minikube you will need to configure it to use the registry. The flow diagram is as follows:
Flow diagram


  • jdk11
  • docker
  • minikube
  • kubectl


Start Docker Daemon

  • Get IP address or url of where your registry runs. IP address can be obtained from cmd ip addr

  • Replace IP in below command with the actual ip or url.

$ echo '{"insecure-registries": ["IP:5000"]}' > /etc/docker/daemon.json
  • Start docker daemon
$ sudo systemctl start docker
  • Verify insecure registry
$ docker info -f '{{json .RegistryConfig.IndexConfigs}}'

This should list as:

Start Minikube

  • To start minikube configured to use the private registry, run below command. NOTE: Replace DRIVER with correct driver which is one of: [virtualbox, vmwarefusion, kvm2, kvm, hyperkit]
$ minikube start --vm-driver=DRIVER --insecure-registry="IP:5000"

Start private registry

  • If running on local start registry as:
$ docker run -d -p 5000:5000 --restart=always --name registry registry:2

Getting Started

Create a basic Spring Boot application:

$ curl -d dependencies=webflux -d dependencies=actuator | tar -xzvf -

Add an endpoint (src/main/java/com/example/demo/

package com.example.demo;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

public class Home {
    public String home() {
        return "Hello World";

Containerize (Dockerfile):

FROM openjdk:8-jdk-alpine as build
WORKDIR /workspace/app

COPY target/*.jar app.jar

RUN mkdir target && cd target && jar -xf ../*.jar

FROM openjdk:8-jdk-alpine
ARG DEPENDENCY=/workspace/app/target
COPY --from=build ${DEPENDENCY}/BOOT-INF/lib /app/lib
COPY --from=build ${DEPENDENCY}/BOOT-INF/classes /app
ENTRYPOINT ["java","-cp","app:app/lib/*","com.example.demo.DemoApplication"]

Run and test...

$ ./mvnw package
$ docker build -t IP:5000/apps/demo .
$ docker run -p 8080:8080 IP:5000/apps/demo
$ curl localhost:8080
Hello World

Stash the image to our private repository:

$ docker push IP:5000/apps/demo

Deploy to Kubernetes

Create a basic manifest:

$ kubectl create deployment demo --image=IP:5000/apps/demo --dry-run -o=yaml > deployment.yaml
$ echo --- >> deployment.yaml
$ kubectl create service nodeport demo --tcp=8080:8080 --dry-run -o=yaml >> deployment.yaml

Apply it:

$ kubectl apply -f deployment.yaml


Check if deployment is up

$ kubectl get demo

Next check if service is running

$ kubectl get service demo

NOTE: Make a note of the port. For example if port is mentioned as 8080:32614, then copy 32614. This is the port on which the service is available

Consume service

Get IP

$ kubectl get endpoints kubernetes

Make a note of the IP, ignore the port number. Example - if endpoint: '', then IP:

Get Port

$ kubectl get service demo

Port is the second part of ':' delimiter. Example - if PORT is '8080:32614/TCP', then our port is 32614

Call springboot app, substituting IP below with ip obtained above and PORT with port obtained above

$ curl IP:PORT
Hello World


As a corollary, if you are running a test or doing development and don't want to push your image to a private repository or dockerhub, then you can reuse Minikube's built-in docker daemon. So you can build images inside the same docker daemon as Minikube, which speeds up local experiments.

For this, run last line from

$ minikube docker-env

You can now use Docker at the command line of your host Mac/Linux machine to communicate with the Docker daemon inside the Minikube VM:

$ docker ps

Next you need add following line to deployments.yaml after name of image @line:23

imagePullPolicy: Never

More info here

The instructions and code are available at github

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