DEV Community

Aravind B N
Aravind B N

Posted on

XCP - Universal (X) Measurement and Calibration (C) Protocol (P).

Hello Readers,
My name is Aravind B N, and I work at "Luxoft India" as a Junior Software Developer. Luxoft has provided me with numerous opportunities to work on challenging projects, which has inspired me to discuss the important processes involved in developing and learning the Universal Measurement and Calibration Protocol in detail.


When it comes to tuning ECUs the process of parameterization plays a role. It entails making adjustments, to the parameter values while the system is operational and gathering measured signals simultaneously. To establish a connection, between the development tool and the ECU, a measurement and calibration protocol called XCP is commonly used as an accepted standard. In this explanation we will delve into the fundamentals and mechanics of XCP as explore its application areas and how it enhances ECU calibration.

XCP, additionally known as Universal Measurement and Calibration Protocol is a protocol that became evolved by means of the Association, for Standardisation of Automation and Measuring Systems (ASAM). ASAM consists of car manufacturers, vendors and device manufacturers. XCP replaced the CAN Calibration Protocol (CCP) which furnished get admission to to ECU statistics through CAN for each studying and writing purposes. The motive in the back of developing XCP become to permit this capability using transmission media which include CAN, FlexRay or Ethernet. The number one applications of XCP include measuring and calibrating ECU parameters to make certain data, across ECU procedures.

Let's start with some XCP facts:
The idea, behind XCP (X Case Process) is a tool that allows developers to gain insights into the ECU and its software like looking inside a box. This enables developers apprehend how the ECU behaves for the duration of every computation cycle enabling them to optimize algorithms and perceive regions for development. XCP can be used to test the functionality of the improvement development whether or not its running on hardware or primarily based on models. This approach significantly contributes to the development procedure.

The important awareness lies in evaluating the procedure in improvement environments like Simulink. Developers can analyze parameters at some point of version runtime or after engaging in checks to attain results. It's critical to have get admission to, for making parameterization modifications. The number one objective is. Optimizing thru parameterization modifications.

The interface model of ASAM
The ASAM interfaces version defines XCP, which incorporates interfaces to the dimension and calibration device, description document, and higher-stage automation gadget.

Image description

The "ASAM MCD-1 MC" interface, among ECU and dimension & calibration system, describes bodily and protocol-particular parts. However, it in no way obtained general recognition and has no relevance today. The XCP protocol is flexible enough for producer-impartial interfaces, making ASAP1b needless.

The "ASAM MCD-2 MC" A2L ECU description file is a necessary file for users to work with symbolic object names, as XCP operates in an address-orientated manner, making it inconvenient to look for ECU gadgets based totally on addresses.

The "ASAM MCD-3 MC" automation interface connects a system to a size and calibration device, however isn't always defined in this report because of its beside the point nature.

XCP is a measurement and calibration protocol based at the Master-Slave principle, wherein the ECU is the Slave and the dimension and calibration tool is the Master.

Image description

Several individuals can communicate with an authority simultaneously taking into account data and access, to settings throughout the development process. This eliminates the need for duplication of configurations. Streamlines iterative loops. XCP solutions are already employed in work settings. This book aims to elucidate the fundamental characteristics of the measurement and calibration protocol and introduce its application in different operational contexts. It does not provide XCP specifications or instructions, for integrating XCP drivers into environments.

In this e book we utilize the CANape measurement and calibration tool offered by Vector to capture screenshots of the PC device in use. Moreover it provides insights, into system processes including the creation of an A2L file. You can access a free demo version of CANape on Vectors Download Center, at www.Vector.Com/canape_demo.

The fundamentals of the XCP protocol

The XCP Protocol is a fundamental device used for transferring facts between computers.

Image description

The XCP Protocol, which is part of the ASAM interfaces version consists of protocol and delivery layers. These layers ensure independence from transport methods. The main objectives of this protocol are to prioritize resource efficiency, in plug and play setups, facilitate communication enable implementation for slaves and ensure minimum parameters and scalability for ECUs. The design aims to achieve optimal resource utilization, efficient communication and straightforward implementation, for slaves.

XCP protocol, which has been extended to new shipping layers on the grounds that 2005, is called XCP on CAN or Ethernet. Its contemporary version, Version 1.Three, changed into permitted in 2015.

XCP is a key functionality that lets in study and write get right of entry to the reminiscence of the Slave.

Read access lets in users to evaluate an internal ECU parameter's temporal response, which changes at particular intervals whilst the processor recalculates and updates it in RAM. One of the strengths of XCP is a obtaining measured data from RAM that exchange synchronously to system flows or occasions inside the ECU, permitting users to evaluate direct relationships among time-primarily based method flows and converting values.

Write access permits customers to optimize parameters of algorithms in the Slave, with accesses being cope with-oriented. A parameter measurement is initiated by the Master and requested by the Slave at the same time as calibration includes placing the price at deal with 0x9876 to 5.

This concept will be covered more in the next article, with examples.
Do let me know if you have any queries in the comments below.

Thanks for reading.

Top comments (0)