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PHP jQuery form formData 20: input text textarea using ajax ($.ajax)

antelove19 profile image Falah Al Fitri Updated on ・2 min read

Happy Coding

index.php

    <form method="post" action="process.php" >

        Firstname: <input type="text" name="firstname" />
        <br />

        Lastname: <input type="text" name="lastname" />
        <br />

        Description: <textarea name="description" rows="10" cols="50" ></textarea>
        <br />

        <hr />

        <input type="submit" value="Submit" />

    </form>

    <hr />

display result form server

    <div id="output"></div>

get formHTML element and add onsubmit event, and create formData, then call ajax function with arguments formHTML, formData and output display ("#output")

    <script>

        /* submit form */

        // https://api.jquery.com/jquery.each/
        /*
         *  array.each( function( index, element ) )
         *  $.each( array, callback )
         */

        // https://www.w3schools.com/jquery/misc_each.asp

        /* get all form */
        $( "form" ).each( function () {

            /* each form add onsubmit event */
            $( this ).bind( "submit", function (event) {

                event.preventDefault(); // return false


                var formHTML = event.target; // $( this ) => not work !!

                console.log( formHTML ); // formHTML element


                // https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/FormData/Using_FormData_Objects
                var formData = new FormData( formHTML );

                console.log( formData );


                // https://api.jquery.com/jquery.ajax/
                // https://www.w3schools.com/jquery/ajax_ajax.asp
                // https://www.w3schools.com/jquery/jquery_ref_ajax.asp

                /* AJAX request */
                ajax( formHTML, formData, "#output" ); // ajax( form, data, destination )

            } );

        });

    </script>

ajax function

    <script>

        function ajax( form, data, destination )
        {

            $.ajax({

                method: form.method,
                url: form.action,

                data: data,

                /*
                    result type data
                    JSON.parse(data)
                    http://api.jquery.com/jQuery.ajax/
                    https://stackoverflow.com/questions/14322984/differences-between-contenttype-and-datatype-in-jquery-ajax-function
                    https://forums.asp.net/t/2087039.aspx?what+is+difference+between+dataType+and+contentType+in+jquery
                */
                dataType: "HTML",

                /* formData */
                contentType: false, // formData with $_POST or $_FILES in server (PHP)
                processData: false

            })

            /* handle success */
            .done( function(result) {

                $( destination ).html( result );

                console.log(result);

            } )

            /* handle error */
            .fail( function(error) {

                alert("Cannot Set Data!");

                console.error(error);

            } );

        }

    </script>

process.php

echo "<pre>";

var_dump($_POST);

echo "</pre>";

Demo repl.it


Thank for reading :)

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