DevOps is a set of practices and principles that aim to improve collaboration and communication between development and operations teams, and to enable faster delivery of software and services. The goal of DevOps is to enable organizations to deliver value to customers faster and more reliably by automating and streamlining the build, test, and deployment processes.
DevOps practices include continuous integration, continuous delivery, and continuous deployment, which involve building, testing, and releasing code changes frequently and automatically. This helps teams to deliver software updates and new features more quickly and reliably, and to reduce the time it takes to fix bugs and issues.
DevOps also emphasizes the importance of monitoring and measuring the performance of systems and applications, and of sharing knowledge and tools across teams. By adopting a culture of collaboration, trust, and transparency, and by promoting a shared ownership of outcomes, organizations can improve their ability to deliver value to customers and adapt to changing business needs.
Lifecycle of DevOps
There are many practices that can be used as part of a DevOps approach, and the specific set of practices that an organization adopts may vary depending on its needs and goals. Some common practices in DevOps include:
Continuous integration (CI): CI involves regularly integrating code changes into a shared code repository, and automatically building, testing, and validating the code to ensure that it is stable and ready for deployment.
Continuous delivery (CD): CD involves automating the process of delivering code changes to production, so that teams can deploy code updates quickly and frequently.
Infrastructure as code (IaC): IaC involves using code to define and manage infrastructure, allowing teams to automate the provisioning and management of resources such as servers and networks.
Monitoring and observability: Monitoring and observability involve collecting and analyzing data about the performance and behavior of systems and applications, in order to identify potential issues and improve reliability.
Collaboration and communication: DevOps emphasizes the importance of collaboration and communication between development and operations teams, in order to improve efficiency and speed up the delivery process.
Continuous learning and improvement: DevOps encourages a culture of continuous learning and improvement, in which teams regularly review and optimize their processes and tools in order to deliver better outcomes for customers.
Below are few DevOps tools listed which you can consider:-
• Plan - Jira, Confluence, Teams, Slack, draw.io
• Code - GitHub, BitBucket (Version Control, Source Code)
• Build - Jenkins, GitHub Actions (CI, Automation)
• Test - Codacy, JMeter, SonarQube, Selenium (Quality Control)
• Release - ArgoCD(CD)
• Deploy - AWS, Docker, Terraform (IaC, Configuration Management)
• Operate - Kubernetes (Virtualisation, Containerization)
• Monitor - Datadog, Prometheus, Grafana, ELK Stack (Metrics, Logs, Tracing)
NOTE: Choose tools based on your project requirment.
Though there are numerous metrics used to measure DevOps performance, the following are four key metrics every DevOps team should measure.
Lead time for changes
One of the critical DevOps metrics to track is lead time for changes. Lead time for changes is the length of time between when a code change is committed to the trunk branch and when it is in a deployable state. For example, when code passes all necessary pre-release tests.
Change failure rate
The change failure rate is the percentage of code changes that require hot fixes or other remediation after production. This does not measure failures caught by testing and fixed before code is deployed.
Understanding the frequency of how often new code is deployed into production is critical to understanding DevOps success. Many practitioners use the term “delivery” to mean code changes that are released into a pre-production staging environment, and reserve “deployment” to refer to code changes that are released into production.
Mean time to recovery
Mean time to recovery (MTTR) measures how long it takes to recover from a partial service interruption or total failure. This is an important metric to track, regardless of whether the interruption is the result of a recent deployment or an isolated system failure.
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