A recent tweet asked the following question.
Does anybody know how long it should take to create an index of two integer columns with approximately 110 Million records in the DB? #postgres #postgresql #NotAnDBA
Let's put together an experiment. Create a table and populate 110,000,000 million rows with 2 columns, each with a random integer value. Collect the duration of the
CREATE INDEX by enabling
\timing, before adding a single column index on one of the columns.
-- create table "t", with columns "a", and "b" CREATE TABLE t ( a smallint, b smallint );
-- Populate 110,000,000 million records INSERT INTO t(a,b) SELECT (RANDOM() * 1000)::INT, (RANDOM() * 1000)::INT FROM GENERATE_SERIES(1, 110000000) seq;
-- Confirm 110,000,000 records SELECT COUNT(*) FROM t; count ----------- 110000000
Enable timing to collect the duration of running the
CREATE INDEX statement.
-- turn timing on \timing Timing is on. -- Create index "t_a_idx" on table "t" on the "a" column CREATE INDEX t_a_idx ON t (a); Time: 52348.022 ms (00:52.348)
In this test, it took about 52 seconds to create the index.
Test Environment Details
- Tested on a M1 MacBook Air, with 16GB RAM, and no other significant system load.
- The table has no sequences, constraints, or other indexes
- Vacuum was running and was cancelled when the
CREATE INDEXstarted per the
- No other queries were running on the table.
Besides the single data point, this post is intended more as a demonstration of how to conduct this sort of experiment on your own.
The best way to answer questions like this, due to the number of contributing factors that can change the result, is to create a test on your own server, or an experimentation server where production can be simulated as accurately as possible.
Although it was not used in this example, when other queries are running on the table, remember to use the
CONCURRENTLY keyword when creating indexes.
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