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Katarina Harbuzava
Katarina Harbuzava

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What is React?

Introduction: What is React

React.js was released by a software engineer working for Facebook – Jordane Walke in 2011. React is a JavaScript library focused on creating declarative user interfaces (UIs) using a component-based concept. It’s used for handling the view layer and can be used for web and mobile apps. React’s main goal is to be extensive, fast, declarative, flexible, and simple.

React is not a framework, it is specifically a library. The explanation for this is that React only deals with rendering the UIs and reserves many things at the discretion of individual projects. The standard set of tools for creating an application using ReactJS is frequently called the stack.

Why use React?

Let’s take a more detailed look at what sets React library aside against other frameworks and libraries and makes it so powerful and popular for application development.

Virtual Document Object Model (VDOM)

The Document Object Model (DOM) is an API for valid HTML and well-formed XML documents.

A virtual DOM is a representation of a real DOM that is built/manipulated by browsers. Advanced libraries, such as React, generate a tree of elements in memory equivalent to the real DOM, which forms the virtual DOM in a declarative way. The virtual DOM is one of the features that make the framework so fast and reliable.

What is React: the Virtual Document Object Model
Image source:*HyoU7X-SMyT8xQD1PjrRGw.png


React uses a syntax extension to JavaScript called JSX. We use it to create ‘elements’.

JSX uses Babel preprocessors to convert HTML-like text in JavaScript files into JavaScript objects to be parsed.

React doesn’t require the use of JSX, but most developers find that it makes for a more user-friendly experience within the JavaScript code.

We use JSX to create React components, so this is why it is an important part of ReactJS.

React Native

React Native is an open-source JavaScript framework for building apps on different platforms, such as iOS, Android, and UPD. It is React-based and gives all its greatness to mobile app development.

React Native uses JavaScript to build the UI of an application but also uses OS-native representations. It allows code to be implemented in OS-native languages (Swift and Objective-C for iOS and Java and Kotlin for Android) for more sophisticated functions.

Main components

ReactJS is a component-based library where components make our code reusable and split our UI into different pieces. Components are divided into two types, Class components and Function components. All React components follow the separation of concerns design principle, meaning that we should separate our application into different sections to address separate concerns.

Function components

React components work similarly to JavaScript functions. A component takes random inputs, which we call props, and must always return a React element that defines what is intended to be displayed to the user.

The simple method to specify a React component is to define a JavaScript function and return a React element. The React component must always return a React element, or it will throw an error.

What is React: HelloWorld function

We’ve defined a ReactJS component called HelloWorld that takes one prop, which stands for properties and returns a ReactJS element, in this case, a simple h1 element.

Class components

The Class component must have the extends React.Component statement. This statement sets up a React.Component subclass that allows your component to access React.Component functions.

The component must also have a render() method, which returns HTML.


So the main question is why you should choose ReactJS as a frontend development stack while there are a lot of others. Here are some reasons:


React allows developers to use individual parts of their application on both the client and server sides, and any changes they make will not affect the application’s logic. This makes the development process extremely fast.

*Components support

The use of HTML tags and JS codes makes it easy to work with a huge dataset containing the DOM. React acts as an intermediary that represents the DOM and helps you decide which component requires changes to get accurate results.

*Easy to use and learn

ReactJS is incredibly user-friendly and makes any UI interactive. It also allows you to quickly and efficiently build applications, which is time-saving for clients and developers alike.

*SEO Friendly

A common problem complained by most web developers is that traditional JavaScript frameworks often have problems with SEO. ReactJS solves this problem by helping developers navigate different search engines easily through the fact that the ReactJS application can run on the server, and the virtual DOM renders and returns it to the browser as a web page.

*One-way Data Binding.

One-way data-binding implies that absolutely anyone can trace all the changes that have been made to a segment of the data. This is also one of the reasons that makes React so easy.

Who uses React?

Here is the list of popular ReactJS websites:

  • Facebook
  • Atlassian
  • Uber Eats
  • Netflix
  • Airbnb
  • Trello
  • Grammarly
  • Codecademy
  • Dropbox

How to build your first application on React

  1. Creating your app on React.js from the terminal of your IDE

First, you should install the framework package using npx create-react-app
npx create-react-app my-app, where is the my-app name of your application.

The next step is navigating into your new application.
cd my-app

And the last step is to start your application.

npm start

What is React: launching a very basic application
In the end, you will have only a frontend application without any database and backend, which takes a lot of work to get a full-fledged application.

How to create your app with Flatlogic Platform

There are two ways to build your application on the Flatlogic Platform: you can create a simple and clear frontend application, generated by the framework CLI, or the CRUD application with frontend+backend+database.

Creating a CRUD application with Flatlogic

1 Step. Choosing the Tech Stack

In this step, you’re setting the name of your application and choosing the stack: Frontend, Backend, and Database.

Flatlogic Platform: choosing Tech Stack

2 Step. Choosing the Starter Template

In this step, you’re choosing the design of the web app.

Flatlogic Platform: choosing design

3 Step. Schema Editor

In this part you will need to know which application you want to build, that is, CRM or E-commerce, also in this part you build a database schema i.e. tables and relationships between them.

If you are not familiar with database design and it is difficult for you to understand what tables are, we have prepared several ready-made example schemas of real-world apps that you can build your app upon modification:

  • E-commerce app;
  • Time tracking app;
  • Books store;
  • Chat (messaging) app;
  • Blog.

Then you can deploy your app and in a few minutes you will get a fully functional CMS for your application.

*Creating a one-page application with Flatlogic *

You can create a frontend-only app with the Flatlogic Platform. This assumes you are hosting the back-end somewhere else or do not need it at all. To generate a one-page application you don’t need to enter anything in the terminal of your IDE, you just need to go to the page of creating an application on the Flatlogic website and make only 2 steps:

1 Step. Choosing the Tech Stack
In this step, you set the name of your application and choose the stack: React as Frontend, No-Backend as Backend.

2 Step. Choosing the Starter Template

In this step, you choose the design of the web app. Since this is a standard one-page application created using the CLI framework, it will have the design of a standard one-page ReactJS CLI application.

At the final, you can deploy your app and in a few minutes, you will get a one-page React application, which you can further modify as you like.

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