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Switch Vs. If else

As I learned JavaScript, I often found myself stuck between using switch or if-else statements. It's a common dilemma for beginners. Let's dive into these two choices together, exploring what they offer and when to use each one.

Readability: For simple cases where you're testing the value of a single variable against multiple conditions, switch statements can often be more readable and maintainable. They provide a clear structure for handling multiple cases.

switch (day) {
case 'Monday':
case 'Tuesday':
case 'Wednesday':
case 'Thursday':
case 'Friday':
case 'Saturday':
case 'Sunday':
console.log('Invalid day');

Performance: In JavaScript, the performance difference between switch and if-else statements is generally negligible. Modern JavaScript engines are quite efficient in optimizing both constructs.

Flexibility: if-else statements provide more flexibility for complex conditional logic. You can use logical operators and test multiple conditions within a single if or else if block, which can sometimes be more concise and expressive.

if (score >= 90) {
} else if (score >= 80) {
} else if (score >= 70) {
} else {

Handling Different Types of Conditions: if-else statements are more versatile when dealing with conditions beyond simple value comparisons, such as ranges or boolean expressions.

if (age < 18) {
} else if (age >= 18 && age < 65) {
} else {

Here’s the general layout of an if-else statement verses the switch case:
This is the general syntax of an if-else statement:

if (condition1) { //Body of if }

else if (condition2) { //Body of if }

else if (condition3) { //Body of if }

else { //default if all conditions return false }

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And this is the general syntax for switch:

switch ( variable )


case <variable value1>: //Do Something


case <variable value2>://Do Something


default: //Default will perform if all case’s fail


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The if-else ladder is of type strict condition check, while switch is of type jump value catching.

Some key advantages of switch over if-else ladder:

  • A switch statement works much faster than an equivalent if-else ladder. It’s because the compiler generates a jump table for a switch during compilation. As a result, during execution, instead of checking which case is satisfied, it only decides which case has to be executed.

  • It’s more readable compared to if-else statements.

In the end, the choice is yours and I hope this blog helps lead you in the right path to making the most informed decision when to use an if-else statement verses a switch case!

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