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amir fakoor
amir fakoor

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Enhancing NestJS Development: Improving Module Management Efficiency

NestJS is a powerful framework for building web applications, offering a structured way to organize your code through modules. This guide will walk you through setting up your modules effectively, making your development process smoother and your codebase more manageable.

Understanding Modules in NestJS

Modules in NestJS act like containers for different parts of your application, such as user management or product listings. They help in separating concerns, making your code easier to understand and maintain.

Before: Basic Module Structure
Before adopting a structured approach, your module might look something like this:

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This structure mixes different types of files, making it harder to navigate and maintain as your application grows.

After: Structured Module Approach
By organizing your module with dedicated directories for each type of file, you create a clearer and more scalable structure:

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Organizing Your Module

To keep your module clean and easy to navigate, follow these steps:

  • Separate Concerns: Place each type of file (services, controllers, entities, etc.) in its own directory within the module.
  • Keep the Module File Simple: The user.module.ts should mainly import and configure other components, keeping the module's entry point clear and concise.

Expanding Your Module
As your application grows, you might want to add more features to your module. For example, adding a profile feature would involve:

  1. Creating a Profile Controller: Handle requests related to user profiles.
    • File path: src/user/controllers/profile.controller.ts
  2. Adding a Profile Service: Manage the logic for fetching and updating user profiles.
    • File path: src/user/services/profile.service.ts
  3. Updating the Module: Ensure your user.module.ts imports and provides the new controller and service.

Benefits of Good Module Management

  • Easier Navigation: Knowing exactly where to find each part of your module speeds up development.
  • Better Scalability: Adding new features becomes straightforward when you have a clear structure.
  • Improved Collaboration: Other developers can quickly get up to speed with your project.

Final Thoughts
By organizing your NestJS modules with dedicated directories for controllers, services, entities, and other components, you create a solid foundation for your application. This approach not only makes your codebase more readable and maintainable but also prepares it for future growth and collaboration.

Top comments (2)

kostyatretyak profile image
Костя Третяк

In fact, your example mixes two different modules (user and auth). It is better to separate the authentication method from the controllers that issue user data based on a certain URL.

Try this approach:

├── app
│   ├── app.module.ts
│   ├── modules
│   │   ├── routed
│   │   │   ├── profiles
│   │   │   │   ├── db.service.ts
│   │   │   │   ├── models.ts
│   │   │   │   ├── profiles.controller.ts
│   │   │   │   └── profiles.module.ts
│   │   │   └── users
│   │   │       ├── db.service.ts
│   │   │       ├── models.ts
│   │   │       ├── types.ts
│   │   │       ├── users.controller.ts
│   │   │       └── users.module.ts
│   │   └── service
│   │       └── auth
│   │           ├── auth.module.ts
│   │           ├── auth.service.ts
│   │           ├── bearer.guard.ts
│   │           ├── config.service.ts
│   │           ├── crypto.service.ts
│   │           └── permissions.guard.ts
│   └── utils
│       ├── oas-helpers.spec.ts
│       └── oas-helpers.ts
└── main.ts
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Modules can have different types. Two types are most often used:

  • service - this type includes modules that provide certain services: a database module, a security module, a module for recording logs, a module for translating messages into different languages, etc.; such modules are rarely pinned to specific URLs.
  • routed - modules that serve a certain part of the URL should be assigned to this type: for example, one module can process all HTTP requests at the address /api/users, another module - at the address /api/posts .
amirfakour profile image
amir fakoor

Absolutely, I see where you're coming from. Let's consider another scenario. We have a profile module that already handles GET /profile and PATCH /profile. Now, we want to add a neat feature: a profile header gallery. This feature is tied to profiles and introduces new endpoints.

By following the structure I suggested, we can nicely fit this feature into the profile module with its own controllers, services, and more. This allows us to keep a clean and organized codebase, making the module easier to manage and scale. Plus, we get to maintain the single responsibility principle, which is a bonus!

So, even as we add new features, our code remains clear and maintainable.