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Akshara Chandran
Akshara Chandran

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Quality Assurance VS Quality Control

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Quality Assurance (QA) and Quality Control (QC) are both essential components of quality management, but they focus on different aspects of ensuring quality in a product or service.
Here are the key differences between QA and QC:


Quality Assurance (QA): QA is a set of planned and systematic activities implemented within the quality management system to ensure that the product or service meets specified requirements. QA focuses on preventing defects by establishing processes, standards, and guidelines.

Quality Control (QC): QC, on the other hand, is a set of activities designed to evaluate the quality of a product or service by identifying defects or deviations from requirements. QC focuses on identifying and correcting defects after they occur.


QA: The primary objective of QA is to prevent defects by ensuring that the processes used to develop or deliver a product or service are effective, efficient, and standardized. QA aims to improve processes continuously to enhance overall quality.

QC: The primary objective of QC is to identify defects or deviations from requirements in a product or service through inspection, testing, or other evaluation methods. QC aims to correct defects and ensure that the final output meets quality standards.


QA: QA activities are typically performed throughout the entire software development life cycle, from planning and requirements analysis to deployment and maintenance. QA focuses on proactive measures to prevent defects before they occur.

QC: QC activities are usually conducted during or after the production process. QC involves testing, inspection, and evaluation of the final product or service to identify defects and ensure compliance with quality standards.


QA: QA is the responsibility of the entire organization, including management, project teams, and stakeholders. QA activities involve establishing quality policies, processes, and procedures that everyone follows.

QC: QC is primarily the responsibility of quality control professionals, testers, inspectors, or specialists who are tasked with identifying defects and ensuring compliance with quality standards.


QA: QA focuses on preventing defects by emphasizing process improvements, training, documentation, and adherence to standards and best practices.

QC: QC focuses on detecting and correcting defects by conducting inspections, reviews, tests, and audits to verify product quality.

In summary, while QA focuses on preventing defects by implementing effective processes and standards, QC focuses on detecting and correcting defects through inspection and testing. Both QA and QC are essential components of quality management and work together to ensure the delivery of high-quality products or services.

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