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Akshara Chandran
Akshara Chandran

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Let's talk a bit about AGILE METHODOLOGY

Agile methodology is a software development approach that emphasizes flexibility, collaboration, and continuous improvement throughout the development process. It originated as a response to the limitations of traditional, sequential development methodologies like the Waterfall model. Agile methodologies prioritize delivering functional software incrementally and iteratively, enabling teams to respond to changing requirements and customer feedback efficiently. Here are the key principles and practices of Agile methodology:

  1. Iterative and Incremental Development: Agile projects are divided into small increments or iterations, typically lasting one to four weeks. Each iteration results in a potentially shippable product increment, allowing stakeholders to provide feedback early and frequently.

  2. Customer Collaboration: Agile methodologies emphasize active involvement and collaboration with customers or stakeholders throughout the development process. Customer feedback is continuously gathered and incorporated to ensure that the product meets their evolving needs.

  3. Adaptive Planning: Agile projects embrace change and uncertainty by favoring adaptive planning over rigid, upfront planning. Plans are continually adjusted based on feedback, new insights, and changing priorities.

  4. Cross-Functional Teams: Agile teams are self-organizing and cross-functional, comprising individuals with diverse skills necessary to deliver a complete product increment. These teams collaborate closely and share responsibilities to maximize efficiency and effectiveness.

  5. Continuous Integration and Testing: Agile teams prioritize frequent integration of code and automated testing to ensure that software increments are of high quality and functionality. Continuous integration practices help identify and address issues early in the development process.

  6. Regular Reflection and Improvement: Agile methodologies promote regular reflection and adaptation through practices like retrospectives. Teams review their processes, identify areas for improvement, and implement changes to enhance productivity and quality.

Common Agile frameworks and methodologies include:

  • Scrum: A popular Agile framework characterized by time-boxed iterations called sprints, daily stand-up meetings, and defined roles (Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team).

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  • Kanban: A visual Agile methodology focused on workflow management and continuous delivery. Work items are represented as cards on a Kanban board, and teams use visual cues to manage and optimize their workflow.

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  • Extreme Programming (XP): A software development methodology emphasizing technical excellence, continuous delivery, and customer satisfaction. XP practices include pair programming, test-driven development (TDD), and frequent releases.

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Overall, Agile methodology promotes adaptability, collaboration, and responsiveness, enabling teams to deliver high-quality software that meets customer needs in a fast-paced and dynamic environment.

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