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Debouncing: how to use it

What is debouncing?

Debouncing is a technique used in electronic systems to filter out transient electrical noise from an input signal. It is used to ensure that only one valid signal is received by the system even if multiple unstable or false signals are received in a short period of time. Debouncing helps maintain the stability and performance of the system and minimizes problems caused by noise. This technique is widely used in microcontroller-based systems, such as those in computer keyboards, push-button switches, and other digital inputs.

Advantages of debouncing

using debouncing has several advantages, inclunding :

  1. Improved system stability: Debouncing helps eliminate false signals and ensures that only one valid signal is received by the system, thereby improving its stability and performance.
  2. Reduced processing load: By filtering out noise, debouncing reduces the processing load on the system, freeing up resources for other tasks.
  3. Better user experience: Debouncing is commonly used in user interfaces, such as keyboards and buttons, to improve the user experience by ensuring that rapid inputs are registered only once.
  4. Increased system reliability: By filtering out false signals, debouncing can increase the reliability of the system, reducing the likelihood of errors or malfunctions.
  5. Easy implementation: Debouncing is a relatively simple technique to implement, and can be easily integrated into existing systems to improve their performance and reliability.

Disadvantages of debouncing

  1. Increased latency: By delaying the processing of signals, debouncing can increase latency, or the time it takes for a signal to be processed and acted upon.

  2. Increased complexity: Depending on the implementation, debouncing can add complexity to the system, making it more difficult to debug and maintain.

  3. Reduced responsiveness: In some cases, debouncing can reduce the responsiveness of the system, as it may take some time for a signal to be processed.

  4. Increased power consumption: The use of additional components, such as timers or counters, to implement debouncing can increase power consumption and reduce battery life in battery-powered systems.

  5. Reduced sensitivity: Debouncing can also reduce the sensitivity of the system, as it may filter out valid signals that are close together in time.

It's important to consider these disadvantages when deciding whether or not to use debouncing in a particular system, and to carefully balance the trade-offs between performance, reliability, and responsiveness.

Example code with React

import React, { useState, useEffect } from "react";

const DebouncedInput = () => {
  const [value, setValue] = useState("");

  useEffect(() => {
    let timerId;

    return () => {
  }, []);

  const handleInputChange = (event) => {
    const newValue =;

    timerId = setTimeout(() => {
      // Perform the action here
      console.log(`Debounced value: ${value}`);
    }, 500);

  return (
    <input type="text" value={value} onChange={handleInputChange} />

export default DebouncedInput;
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In conclusion, using debouncing can have several benefits, including improved system stability, reduced processing load, better user experience, increased system reliability, and ease of implementation. However, it also has some disadvantages, such as increased latency, increased complexity, reduced responsiveness, increased power consumption, and reduced sensitivity.

Top comments (2)

naubit profile image
Al - Naubit

Great article, you got my follow, keep writing!

ajidk16 profile image

okay. thank you sir.

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