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Ahmad Raza
Ahmad Raza

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5 Tips to Optimize Your Ruby on Rails App's Performance

Performance is a critical factor for any application, and Ruby on Rails is no exception. Slow performance can cause user frustration and even lead to decreased revenue. Fortunately, there are several ways to optimize the performance of your Ruby on Rails application.

1. Use Caching

Caching is a simple and effective way to improve the performance of your application. It stores frequently accessed data in memory, so it can be quickly retrieved when needed. In Ruby on Rails, you can use the built-in caching mechanisms such as Fragment Caching, Action Caching and Page Caching. Fragment Caching allows you to cache only specific parts of a page, while Action Caching caches the entire action response and Page Caching caches the entire HTML page.

2. Optimize Database Queries

Database queries are often the biggest bottleneck in a Ruby on Rails application. You can optimize your queries in several ways, including:

  • Use includes method to eager-load associated objects
  • Use select to retrieve only the necessary columns
  • Use joins to join tables and avoid N+1 queries
  • Use pluck to retrieve only specific fields of a table

3. Use Background Jobs

Background jobs allow long-running tasks to be performed asynchronously, freeing up server resources and improving performance. You can use tools like Sidekiq or Resque to handle background jobs in your Ruby on Rails application.

However, I'd recommend using Sidekiq.

4. Use a Content Delivery Network (CDN)

A Content Delivery Network (CDN) can improve the performance of your application by caching and delivering content from servers located closer to the user. This reduces latency and improves the user experience. There are several CDN providers available, such as Cloudflare, Akamai, and Amazon CloudFront.

5. Optimize Asset Management

Assets such as images, CSS, and JavaScript files can significantly impact the performance of your application. You can optimize asset management by compressing and minifying files, using a Content Delivery Network (CDN) to serve static assets, and using a tool like Asset Pipeline to compile and bundle your assets.


Optimizing the performance of a Ruby on Rails application requires a combination of techniques and tools. Caching, optimizing database queries, using background jobs, using a Content Delivery Network, and optimizing asset management can all help improve the performance of your application. By implementing these techniques, you can provide a faster and smoother experience for your users, leading to increased engagement and revenue.

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