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Creating a Hugo site using Rootless Podman - Part 1

Leon
Linux Admin, Anime|| Currently working as Hosting support tech.
・3 min read

I'm fairly new to containers and I've tried using containers in the past, I've never really got the point, but I'm starting to see their worth. However, I don't like the idea of giving complete root access to the containers.

To get myself familiar with the whole concept I'm using Hugo, Hugo is one of the most popular open-source static site generators(Yep stole it from their website :D)

This assumes you have podman up and running on Centos or Archlinux or any distro of your choice, its fairly simple to setup if you need to.

Centos 7 or 8

yum install podman
or
dnf install podman
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Archlinux

pacman -Syu podman
or 
yay -Syu podman
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Ubuntu

sudo apt-get install hugo
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So the official docs suggest installing hugo either on your local machine using your favorite package manager or you can use it via podman.

Once again they have official packages in the repo so no curl -sSL URL| bash is required here.
You can get started by following the guides here for Centos, ArchLinux and Ubuntu or Debian.

To get started I use the suggested docker image, its fairly simple to get started for example if you want to create a new hugo blog you can simply do this.

$ mkdir blog
$ cd blog
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podman run --rm -it -v $(pwd):/src:z klakegg/hugo:0.82.0 new site quickstart

Trying to pull docker.io/klakegg/hugo:0.82.0...
Getting image source signatures
Copying blob e09912d331e4 done  
...
Writing manifest to image destination
Storing signatures
Congratulations! Your new Hugo site is created in /src/quickstart.
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Where the flags mean the following

--rm Remove container after exiting
-d Detach after running
-i Interactive
-t Provides a TTY
-v $(pwd):/src:z This mounts the current working directory to the /src directory in the container. 
klakegg/hugo:0.82.0   Image Name
"new site"   Performs hugo new site
quickstart   Site Name
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The :Z and :z Are quite important when it comes to SELinux, basically :z lets the containers change the SELinux contexts from what I've seen and the :Z doesn't more information here Selinux With Containers. Please do not disable SELinux incase you get some errors. Remove the :z if you're not using SELinux.

If the installation has completed successfully you should see the following.

Just a few more steps and you're ready to go:

1. Download a theme into the same-named folder.
   Choose a theme from https://themes.gohugo.io/ or
   create your own with the "hugo new theme <THEMENAME>" command.
2. Perhaps you want to add some content. You can add single files
   with "hugo new <SECTIONNAME>/<FILENAME>.<FORMAT>".
3. Start the built-in live server via "hugo server".

Visit https://gohugo.io/ for quickstart guide and full documentation.```



That's it you have your initial project ready!! Pat yourself on the back cause it was fun.

In the next post I will show you how to create posts, install a theme and build the static site using hugo and then finally serve the websites using Apache, stay tuned.
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