Hey, DEV.to community!
As a custom of every year, I am publishing my view on this year that is going to impact the web dev or the ones have already impacted the web development world. We finally passed the year 2020 behind which has been a difficult year for all of us anywhere in the globe. I solemnly hope this year be better and we can get back to our normal lives.
Note: The list is not in order and feel free to tell me about if you think there is something missing here or is extra and redundant.
Programming languages are the most essential part of every computer application and web apps are no exception. So here we start with programming languages that are important for you to learn during 2021 if you want to be a web developer. Keep in mind, you don't have to learn all of these and pick up the ones you see fit the best your needs.
Grammarly better recognize Go as a noun as well :). Every time I try to use Go as a noun it recommends me to add "to" before it.
This loved/hated, best/worst language or however, you want to call it is one of the most used programming languages and is here to stay. PHP empowers countless websites from before and is going to do so in the future. PHP recently released its next major update which is PHP 8 including many good features. You can check the link below for more information:
Learning PHP is a must if you are programming websites as a freelancer as it is really easy to deploy and there are thousands of hosting service providers that support PHP out of the box. No configs needed whatsoever.
I do agree that PHP had problems and have some even now but every programming language does! Don't they? Just don't listen to people spreading hatred about this beautiful elephant :).
Learn these two languages and you are an eligible to call yourself a front-end developer or back-end as well if you wanted to!
SQL which stands for Structured Query Language is a language used for managing records in an RDMBS (Relational Database Management System). These days many frameworks use ORMs which handle database records using objects and programmers don't need the feel to learn SQL but they are completely wrong. Learning SQL is essential and it gives you more power than what ORMs have. ORMs have limited power and they actually execute SQL behind the scene but imagine what you could do if you learnt the magic behind ORMs!
Web Assembly is not a programming language itself but is a binary instruction set that is executable on the web. It supports multiple languages such as C/C++ and Rust. This can make web apps blazingly fast. WASM is a pretty new technology but in my opinion, it is going to take over and used more widely. We better get ready for the future!
Frameworks are just structures and libraries bundled together so you can code your project easier. Are they absolutely needed? Actually no! but yes. Technically speaking you can build your own framework but it is going to take a lot of time and is not worth it. Use the frameworks the community already accepted and is growing so you can get support and fix your problems as soon as possible. Frameworks in web dev are generally categorized in two parts, front-end and back-end.
So far, Laravel is the best back-end framework I know. Maybe there are more advanced frameworks out there but the documentation that Laravel provided made it super popular thus the community grew faster and now you can find almost everything you need for Laravel as a package and just install and enjoy it! Laravel is built by PHP and you are going to be programming in PHP. Although Laravel is a back-end framework, it comes with front-end features as well that helps you build your application very fast!
Vue.js and React are front-end frameworks used for rendering elements on the web in a reactive way. Just pass the elements and let them render them and if they are changed don't worry! They will take care of the rest! Vue.js and React are different essentially but the final approach and goal are almost the same! Learning one of these is essential nowadays.
These are my suggestions for 2021. Tell me what you think!