DEV Community

loading...
Cover image for Versioning your API in .NET Core
Adevinta Spain

Versioning your API in .NET Core

Jhon Marmolejo
・3 min read

Hi,

Sometimes we need to change the behavior or payload of our APIs. For these cases it is recommended to have a versioning API.

Why do you need to versioning your API?

If your API is used by your websites, this is not a big problem because you can change these websites according the new requirements of our APIs.

On the other hand, if the API is consumed by mobile apps or third-party applications, its more complicated because you need release a new version of your apps and the users must install this new version in their mobile phones. So, in order to prevent errors and avoid breaking changes, it is important to have a versioning of your APIs.

How do we add versions for my API?

In order to versioning your API in .NET Core, you need to do the following steps:

  • In the API project, install the following nuget:
Install-Package Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc.Versioning
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • In the API project ConfigureServices()file method startup.cs, put the following code:
 services.AddApiVersioning(x =>
            {
                x.DefaultApiVersion = new ApiVersion(1, 0);
                x.AssumeDefaultVersionWhenUnspecified = true;
                x.ReportApiVersions = true;
                x.ApiVersionReader = new HeaderApiVersionReader("x-api-version");
            });
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Where:
  x.DefaultApiVersion -> indicates the default version of the API.
  x.AssumeDefaultVersionWhenUnspecified-> indicates if the default version of the API will be used if in the request header we don't indicate the version of the API.
  x.ReportApiVersions -> indicates if we want to show in the response the available versions of the API.
  x.ApiVersionReader -> indicates how we are going to send the API version in the request.

In our case, we will send the version of our API through the Header, in this way, we avoid that the applications that use the API do not have to modify their calls. In addition, we add more security because we will send the version by header instead of querystring

Adding versioning to your controllers

In order to add the versioning to your controllers, you only need to add the following decorator in your class [ApiVersion("X.0")], where X.0 will be the version number of your API for this class. In case your controller does not have this decorator, the API version for this class will be the default version (in our case "1.0").

Controller without versioning

    [Route("api/[controller]")]
    [ApiController]
    public class DemoController : ControllerBase
    {
        [HttpGet]
        public IActionResult GetDemo()
        {
            return Content("Hola desde la versión por defecto");
        }
    }

Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Controller with versioning

    [Route("api/[controller]")]
    [ApiController]
    [ApiVersion("2.0")]
    public class DemoController : ControllerBase
    {
        [HttpGet]
        public IActionResult GetDemo()
        {
            return Content("Hola desde la versión 2");
        }
    }
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Testing the versioning with Postman

Calling your API without API version in the Header

By default, the API will call the endpoint of the controller without specified version.

Alt Text

Calling your API with API version = 1.0 in the Header

The API will call the endpoint of the controller without specified version again, because we set the default version of the API equals to 1.0

Alt Text

Calling your API with API version = 2.0 in the Header

In this case, the API will return a different response because it goes to the controller that has this version.

Alt Text

Calling your API with a version that doesn't exist

If the API is called with a version that does not exist, it will return "by default" a BadRequest (400) indicating that it does not support this version number

Alt Text

In addition, the API will inform you of the available versions that you can use, because we set the value of ReportApiVersions = true in the configuration.

Alt Text

Finally, we already have our versioned api. You can find the github repository in this link:

https://github.com/jhonmarmolejo/NetCoreApiVersionDemo/tree/feature/ApiWithSwagger

See you next time!

Discussion (0)