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Debian Üzerinde Rpm (Centos 8) Deposu Oluşturma

zduygu profile image Duygu Ölmez Updated on ・4 min read

Debian tabanlı bir işletim sistemi üzerinde rpm deposu aynalamak için aşağıdaki adımları izlemek yeterlidir.

1.Debian Sunucu

1.1.Gerekli paketler indirilir.

sudo apt install yum-utils createrepo
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1.2.İndirmek istenilen depolar debian sunucunuzdaki ls -al /etc/yum/repos.d/ dizinine .repo uzantısı ile eklenir ve yum update komutu çalıştırılır.

echo """[baseos]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - BaseOS
baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/8/BaseOS/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum/repos.d/Centos-8-BaseOS.repo

echo """[powertools]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - PowerTools
baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/8/PowerTools/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum/repos.d/Centos-8-PowerTools.repo

echo """[extras]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - Extras
baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/8/extras/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum/repos.d/Centos-8-Extras.repo

echo """[appstream]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - AppStream
baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/8/AppStream/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum/repos.d/Centos-8-AppStream.repo

echo """[devel]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - Devel
baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/8/Devel/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum/repos.d/Centos-8-Devel.repo
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root@repo:/# yum update
appstream | 4.3 kB  00:00:00     
appstream/primary_db | 2.7 MB  00:00:00     
baseos | 3.9 kB  00:00:00     
devel | 3.8 kB  00:00:00     
devel/primary_db | 8.4 kB  00:00:00     
extras | 1.5 kB  00:00:00     
Setting up Update Process
No Packages marked for Update
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1.3.rpm paketlerinizin indirileceği depolama alanı olşuturulur.

mkdir -p /storage/centos/8/{BaseOS,Devel,extras,AppStream,PowerTools}/x86_64/os/
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1.4.Depodaki paketler indirilir.

reposync -g -l -d -m -a x86_64 --repoid=baseos --newest-only --download-metadata --download_path=/storage/centos/8/BaseOS/x86_64/os/ --norepopath
reposync -g -l -d -m -a x86_64 --repoid=appstream --newest-only --download-metadata --download_path=/storage/centos/8/AppStream/x86_64/os/ --norepopath
reposync -g -l -d -m -a x86_64 --repoid=extras --newest-only --download-metadata --download_path=/storage/centos/8/extras/x86_64/os/ --norepopath
reposync -g -l -d -m -a x86_64 --repoid=devel --newest-only --download-metadata --download_path=/storage/centos/8/Devel/x86_64/os/ --norepopath
reposync -g -l -d -m -a x86_64 --repoid=powertools --newest-only --download-metadata --download_path=/storage/centos/8/PowerTools/x86_64/os/ --norepopath
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1.5.Paketler indirildikten sonra aşağıdaki şekilde görüntülenebilmelidir.

ls -al /storage/centos/8/extras/x86_64/os/Packages/
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1.6.Index dosyaları oluşturulmalıdır.

createrepo /storage/centos/8/BaseOS/x86_64/os/
createrepo /storage/centos/8/extras/x86_64/os/
createrepo /storage/centos/8/Devel/x86_64/os/
createrepo /storage/centos/8/AppStream/x86_64/os/
createrepo /storage/centos/8/PowerTools/x86_64/os/
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1.7.Depoyu yayınlayacak bir web servisi yüklenir, örneğin apache2.

apt install apache2
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1.8.Indirilen depo apache içerisine linklenir.

rm /var/www/html/index.html
ln -s /storage/centos /var/www/html/
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2. Crontab for reposync

2.1. Paketlerin düzenli olarak aynalanması için /etc/centos.sh adında bir dosya oluşturulur ve içerisine aşağıdaki betik yazılır

base_path=/storage/
for i in $( ls /etc/yum/repos.d/ | grep ".repo")
do
        echo $i
        destination_path=$(grep baseurl /etc/yum/repos.d/$i | grep -oP 'centos/(.*)'  | grep -oP '/(.*)' )
        destination_path=$(grep baseurl /etc/yum/repos.d/$i | grep -oP 'centos/(.*)' )
        echo $base_path$destination_path
        repo_id=$(grep -oP "\[\K(.*)"  /etc/yum/repos.d/$i | sed 's/.$//')
        echo $repo_id
        reposync -g -l -d -m -a x86_64 --repoid=$repo_id --newest-only --download-metadata --download_path=$base_path$destination_path --norepopath
        echo reposync -g -l -d -m -a x86_64 --repoid=$repo_id --newest-only --download-metadata --download_path=$base_path$destination_path --norepopath
        createrepo $base_path$destination_path
done  
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2.2. Betik çalıştırışır hale getirilir.

sudo chmod +x /etc/centos.sh
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2.3 sudo crontab -e komutu çalıştırılır ve açılan metin dosyasının en sonuna aşağıdaki cron satırı eklenir.

0 5 * * * /etc/centos.sh
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3.Centos 8 GPG Keyinin Web Sunucuna Eklenmesi

3.1. Deponun indirildiği centos dizinine gidilir. wget ile php anahtarı çekilir.

cd /storage/centos
wget https://www.centos.org/keys/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-Official
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4.Centos 8 İstemci

4.1.Centos 8 üzerinde depoyu kullanabilmek için aşağıdaki formatta .repo dosyalarına depo sunucunuzu yazmanız yeterli.

echo """[baseos]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - BaseOS
baseurl=http://10.10.10.10/8/x86_64/BaseOS/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum.repos.d/Centos-8-BaseOS.repo

echo """[extras]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - Extras
baseurl=http://10.10.10.10/8/x86_64/extras/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum.repos.d/Centos-8-Extras.repo

echo """[appstream]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - AppStream
baseurl=http://10.10.10.10/centos/8/AppStream/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum.repos.d/Centos-8-AppStream.repo

echo """[devel]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - Devel
baseurl=http://10.10.10.10/centos/8/Devel/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum.repos.d/Centos-8-Devel.repo

echo """[powertools]
name=CentOS Linux 8 - PowerTools
baseurl=http://10.10.10.10/centos/8/PowerTools/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-centosofficial""" > /etc/yum.repos.d/Centos-8-PowerTools.repo
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4.2.Depo güncellenerek paket kurulumu yapılabilir.

sudo yum update
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