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Abdulla Fajal
Abdulla Fajal

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Implement Form Validation in HTML CSS and JavaScript

Form validation is a crucial aspect of web development that ensures user-submitted data is accurate, complete, and in the expected format. We can enhance the user experience, improve data integrity, and prevent potential errors or security vulnerabilities by validating form inputs before processing them.

This article will explore how to implement form validation using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. We’ll cover the essential techniques and demonstrate practical examples you can apply to your web projects. Let’s dive in!

HTML Structure:
To begin with, let’s set up the HTML structure for our form. We’ll create a simple form that collects user information, such as name, email, and password. Open your favourite text editor and create a new HTML file, then enter the following code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <!-- Fontawesome CDN Link For Icons -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
    <title>Form Validation |</title>
    <form action="#">
        <h2>Signup Form</h2>
        <div class="form-group fullname">
          <label for="fullname">Full Name</label>
          <input type="text" id="fullname" placeholder="Enter your full name">
        <div class="form-group email">
          <label for="email">Email Address</label>
          <input type="text" id="email" placeholder="Enter your email address">
        <div class="form-group password">
          <label for="password">Password</label>
          <input type="password" id="password" placeholder="Enter your password">
          <i id="pass-toggle-btn" class="fa-solid fa-eye"></i>
        <div class="form-group date">
          <label for="date">Birth Date</label>
          <input type="date" id="date" placeholder="Select your date">
        <div class="form-group gender">
          <label for="gender">Gender</label>
          <select id="gender">
            <option value="" selected disabled>Select your gender</option>
            <option value="Male">Male</option>
            <option value="Female">Female</option>
            <option value="Other">Other</option>
        <div class="form-group submit-btn">
          <input type="submit" value="Submit">
      <!-- JavaScript code -->
      <script src="script.js"></script>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

This section includes the HTML doctype declaration <!DOCTYPE html>. It also sets the language of the document to English using the lang attribute in the tag.

In the

section, various meta tags are included for character encoding, compatibility, and viewport settings.

Additionally, there are two tags. The first link is for the Font Awesome CDN (Content Delivery Network), which provides icons for the form. The second link is for an external CSS file named style.css.

Inside the

tag, there is a element. The form has various form fields for users to input their information.

The <h2> heading displays the title of the form as "Signup Form".

Each form field is enclosed in a

element with a specific class (form-group) for styling purposes.

The form fields include:

Full Name: A text input field with the id “fullname” and a placeholder text “Enter your full name”.

Email Address: A text input field with the id “email” and a placeholder text “Enter your email address”.

Password: A password input field with the id “password” and a placeholder text “Enter your password”. There is also an eye icon provided by Font Awesome (fa-eye) to toggle password visibility.

Birth Date: A date input field with the id “date” and a placeholder text “Select your date”.

Gender: A select dropdown with the id “gender” and options for selecting the gender.

Finally, there is a submit button with the text “Submit”.

At the end of the HTML file, there is a tag that references an external JavaScript file named script.js. This is where you would write the JavaScript code to handle form validation and other functionality.</p>

<p>In the next part, we’ll continue with the CSS styling and move on to implementing the JavaScript code for form validation.</p>

<p>Please let me know if you would like to continue with the rest of the article or if there’s anything specific you’d like to learn about form validation.</p>

<p>CSS Styling:<br>
Now that we have set up the HTML structure, let’s proceed with styling the form using CSS. Open the styles.css file and add the following CSS code:<br>
<div class="highlight"><pre class="highlight plaintext"><code>@import url(';500;600;700&amp;amp;display=swap');

  • { margin: 0; padding: 0; box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Open Sans', sans-serif; } body { display: flex; align-items: center; justify-content: center; padding: 0 10px; min-height: 100vh; background: #2C7873; } form { padding: 25px; background: #fff; max-width: 500px; width: 100%; border-radius: 7px; box-shadow: 0 10px 15px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05); } form h2 { font-size: 27px; text-align: center; margin: 0px 0 30px; } form .form-group { margin-bottom: 15px; position: relative; } form label { display: block; font-size: 15px; margin-bottom: 7px; } form input, form select { height: 45px; padding: 10px; width: 100%; font-size: 15px; outline: none; background: #fff; border-radius: 3px; border: 1px solid #bfbfbf; } form input:focus, form select:focus { border-color: #9a9a9a; } form input.error, form select.error { border-color: #f91919; background: #f9f0f1; } form small { font-size: 14px; margin-top: 5px; display: block; color: #f91919; } form .password i { position: absolute; right: 0px; height: 45px; top: 28px; font-size: 13px; line-height: 45px; width: 45px; cursor: pointer; color: #939393; text-align: center; } .submit-btn { margin-top: 30px; } .submit-btn input { color: white; border: none; height: auto; font-size: 16px; padding: 13px 0; border-radius: 5px; cursor: pointer; font-weight: 500; text-align: center; background: #2C7873; transition: 0.2s ease; } .submit-btn input:hover { background: #40ada6; } </code></pre></div> <p></p>

<p>The CSS code begins with an @import statement that imports the &#39;Open Sans&#39; font from Google Fonts. This font will be used for the entire document.</p>

<p>The * selector applies the following styles to all elements on the page:</p>

<p>margin: 0; and padding: 0; set the margin and padding of all elements to zero, effectively removing any default spacing.<br>
box-sizing: border-box; ensures that the total width and height of an element includes the padding and border, rather than being added on top of it. This prevents the element from expanding beyond its intended size.<br>
font-family: &#39;Open Sans&#39;, sans-serif; sets the font family for all elements to &#39;Open Sans&#39;, a sans-serif font. If &#39;Open Sans&#39; is not available, it falls back to the default sans-serif font.<br>
The body selector applies styles to the <body> element:</p>

<p>display: flex; creates a flex container, allowing its child elements to be aligned and positioned using a flexbox.<br>
align-items: center; and justify-content: center; center the content horizontally and vertically within the flex container.<br>
padding: 0 10px; sets a left and right padding of 10 pixels for the body content.<br>
min-height: 100vh; sets the minimum height of the body to 100% of the viewport height, ensuring that the content fills the screen.<br>
background: #2C7873; sets the background color of the body to a shade of green.<br>
The form selector applies styles to the <form> element:</p>

<p>padding: 25px; adds padding around the form content.<br>
background: #fff; sets the background color of the form to white.<br>
max-width: 500px; sets the maximum width of the form to 500 pixels.<br>
width: 100%; ensures that the form takes up the full width of its container.<br>
border-radius: 7px; rounds the corners of the form, giving it a slightly curved appearance.<br>
box-shadow: 0 10px 15px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05); adds a subtle box shadow to the form, giving it a 3D effect.<br>
The form h2 selector applies styles to the <h2> element within the form:</p>

<p>font-size: 27px; sets the font size of the heading to 27 pixels.<br>
text-align: center; centers the text horizontally within the heading.<br>
margin: 0px 0 30px; sets the margin of the heading, with no top margin, no left or right margin, and a bottom margin of 30 pixels.<br>
The form .form-group selector applies styles to the <div> elements with the class &quot;form-group&quot; within the form:</p>

<p>margin-bottom: 15px; adds a margin at the bottom of each form group, creating vertical spacing between them.<br>
position: relative; sets the position of the form group as relative, allowing the absolute positioning of child elements within it.<br>
The code snippet continues with more CSS styles for different form elements and classes, such as labels, inputs, error states, submit buttons etc.</p>

<p>With these CSS styles, our form will have a clean and visually appealing layout. Feel free to modify the styles to match your preferences or the overall design of your website.</p>

<p>JavaScript Validation:<br>
Now, let’s move on to implementing the JavaScript code for form validation.</p>

<p>To read more full articles click here👇</p>

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