# Daily Coding Challenge #33

This is a series of Daily Coding Challenge. Each day I show a few solutions written in C++. The questions are from coding practice/contest sites such as HackerRank, LeetCode, Codeforces, Atcoder and etc.

``````/*
LeetCode - Final Prices With a Special Discount in a Shop

Given the array prices where prices[i] is the price of the ith item in a shop. There is a special discount for items in the shop, if you buy the ith item, then you will receive a discount equivalent to prices[j] where j is the minimum index such that j > i and prices[j] <= prices[i], otherwise, you will not receive any discount at all.

Return an array where the ith element is the final price you will pay for the ith item of the shop considering the special discount.

Example 1:

Input: prices = [8,4,6,2,3]
Output: [4,2,4,2,3]
Explanation:
For item 0 with price=8 you will receive a discount equivalent to prices=4, therefore, the final price you will pay is 8 - 4 = 4.
For item 1 with price=4 you will receive a discount equivalent to prices=2, therefore, the final price you will pay is 4 - 2 = 2.
For item 2 with price=6 you will receive a discount equivalent to prices=2, therefore, the final price you will pay is 6 - 2 = 4.
For items 3 and 4 you will not receive any discount at all.
Example 2:

Input: prices = [1,2,3,4,5]
Output: [1,2,3,4,5]
Explanation: In this case, for all items, you will not receive any discount at all.
Example 3:

Input: prices = [10,1,1,6]
Output: [9,0,1,6]

Constraints:

1 <= prices.length <= 500
1 <= prices[i] <= 10^3
*/

class Solution {
public:
vector<int> finalPrices(vector<int>& prices) {
vector<int> ans;
// for each price, look for the first discount
for(int i=0;i<prices.size();i++){
int f=0;
for(int j=i+1;j<prices.size();j++){
if(prices[j]<=prices[i]){
ans.push_back(prices[i]-prices[j]);
f=1;
break;
}
}
if(!f) ans.push_back(prices[i]);
}
return ans;
}
};
``````

``````/*
LeetCode - Subrectangle Queries

Implement the class SubrectangleQueries which receives a rows x cols rectangle as a matrix of integers in the constructor and supports two methods:

1. updateSubrectangle(int row1, int col1, int row2, int col2, int newValue)

Updates all values with newValue in the subrectangle whose upper left coordinate is (row1,col1) and bottom right coordinate is (row2,col2).
2. getValue(int row, int col)

Returns the current value of the coordinate (row,col) from the rectangle.

Example 1:

Input
[[[[1,2,1],[4,3,4],[3,2,1],[1,1,1]]],[0,2],[0,0,3,2,5],[0,2],[3,1],[3,0,3,2,10],[3,1],[0,2]]
Output
[null,1,null,5,5,null,10,5]
Explanation
SubrectangleQueries subrectangleQueries = new SubrectangleQueries([[1,2,1],[4,3,4],[3,2,1],[1,1,1]]);
// The initial rectangle (4x3) looks like:
// 1 2 1
// 4 3 4
// 3 2 1
// 1 1 1
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 2); // return 1
// After this update the rectangle looks like:
// 5 5 5
// 5 5 5
// 5 5 5
// 5 5 5
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 2); // return 5
subrectangleQueries.getValue(3, 1); // return 5
// After this update the rectangle looks like:
// 5   5   5
// 5   5   5
// 5   5   5
// 10  10  10
subrectangleQueries.getValue(3, 1); // return 10
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 2); // return 5
Example 2:

Input
[[[[1,1,1],[2,2,2],[3,3,3]]],[0,0],[0,0,2,2,100],[0,0],[2,2],[1,1,2,2,20],[2,2]]
Output
[null,1,null,100,100,null,20]
Explanation
SubrectangleQueries subrectangleQueries = new SubrectangleQueries([[1,1,1],[2,2,2],[3,3,3]]);
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 0); // return 1
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 0); // return 100
subrectangleQueries.getValue(2, 2); // return 100
subrectangleQueries.getValue(2, 2); // return 20

Constraints:

There will be at most 500 operations considering both methods: updateSubrectangle and getValue.
1 <= rows, cols <= 100
rows == rectangle.length
cols == rectangle[i].length
0 <= row1 <= row2 < rows
0 <= col1 <= col2 < cols
1 <= newValue, rectangle[i][j] <= 10^9
0 <= row < rows
0 <= col < cols
*/

class SubrectangleQueries {
public:
SubrectangleQueries(vector<vector<int>>& rectangle) {
r=rectangle;
}

void updateSubrectangle(int row1, int col1, int row2, int col2, int newValue) {
// straightforward approach
for(int i=row1;i<=row2;i++){
for(int j=col1;j<=col2;j++){
r[i][j]=newValue;
}
}
}

int getValue(int row, int col) {
// return the value given the row n the col
return r[row][col];
}
private:
vector<vector<int>> r;
};

/**
* Your SubrectangleQueries object will be instantiated and called as such:
* SubrectangleQueries* obj = new SubrectangleQueries(rectangle);
* int param_2 = obj->getValue(row,col);
*/
``````

The source code is available in corresponding repo below. Star and watch for timely updates!

## wingkwong / atcoder

### Discussion   