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Daily Coding Challenge #29

wingkwong profile image Wing-Kam ・3 min read

Daily Coding Challenge (88 Part Series)

1) Daily Coding Challenge #1 2) Daily Coding Challenge #2 3 ... 86 3) Daily Coding Challenge #3 4) Daily Coding Challenge #4 5) Daily Coding Challenge #5 6) Daily Coding Challenge #6 7) Daily Coding Challenge #7 8) Daily Coding Challenge #8 9) Daily Coding Challenge #9 10) Daily Coding Challenge #10 11) Daily Coding Challenge #11 12) Daily Coding Challenge #12 13) Daily Coding Challenge #13 14) Daily Coding Challenge #14 15) Daily Coding Challenge #15 16) Daily Coding Challenge #16 17) Daily Coding Challenge #17 18) Daily Coding Challenge #18 19) Daily Coding Challenge #19 20) Daily Coding Challenge #20 21) Daily Coding Challenge #21 22) Daily Coding Challenge #22 23) Daily Coding Challenge #23 24) Daily Coding Challenge #24 25) Daily Coding Challenge #25 26) Daily Coding Challenge #26 27) Daily Coding Challenge #27 28) Daily Coding Challenge #28 29) Daily Coding Challenge #29 30) Daily Coding Challenge #30 31) Daily Coding Challenge #31 32) Daily Coding Challenge #32 33) Daily Coding Challenge #33 34) Daily Coding Challenge #34 35) Daily Coding Challenge #35 36) Daily Coding Challenge #36 37) Daily Coding Challenge #37 38) Daily Coding Challenge #38 39) Daily Coding Challenge #39 40) Daily Coding Challenge #40 41) Daily Coding Challenge #41 42) Daily Coding Challenge #42 43) Daily Coding Challenge #43 44) Daily Coding Challenge #44 45) Daily Coding Challenge #45 46) Daily Coding Challenge #46 47) Daily Coding Challenge #47 48) Daily Coding Challenge #48 49) Daily Coding Challenge #49 50) Daily Coding Challenge #50 51) Daily Coding Challenge #51 52) Daily Coding Challenge #52 53) Daily Coding Challenge #53 54) Daily Coding Challenge #54 55) Daily Coding Challenge #55 56) Daily Coding Challenge #56 57) Daily Coding Challenge #57 58) Daily Coding Challenge #58 59) Daily Coding Challenge #59 60) Daily Coding Challenge #60 61) Daily Coding Challenge #61 62) Daily Coding Challenge #62 63) Daily Coding Challenge #63 64) Daily Coding Challenge #64 65) Daily Coding Challenge #65 66) Daily Coding Challenge #66 67) Daily Coding Challenge #67 68) Daily Coding Challenge #68 69) Daily Coding Challenge #69 70) Daily Coding Challenge #70 71) Daily Coding Challenge #71 72) Daily Coding Challenge #72 73) Daily Coding Challenge #73 74) Daily Coding Challenge #74 75) Daily Coding Challenge #75 76) Daily Coding Challenge #76 77) Daily Coding Challenge #77 78) Daily Coding Challenge #78 79) Daily Coding Challenge #79 80) Daily Coding Challenge #80 81) Daily Coding Challenge #81 82) Daily Coding Challenge #82 83) Daily Coding Challenge #83 84) Daily Coding Challenge #84 85) Daily Coding Challenge #85 86) Daily Coding Challenge #86 87) Daily Coding Challenge #87 88) Daily Coding Challenge #88

About

This is a series of Daily Coding Challenge. Each day I show a few solutions written in C++. The questions are from coding practice/contest sites such as HackerRank, LeetCode, Codeforces, Atcoder and etc.


/*
LeetCode - Coin Change 2

You are given coins of different denominations and a total amount of money. Write a function to compute the number of combinations that make up that amount. You may assume that you have infinite number of each kind of coin.

Example 1:

Input: amount = 5, coins = [1, 2, 5]
Output: 4
Explanation: there are four ways to make up the amount:
5=5
5=2+2+1
5=2+1+1+1
5=1+1+1+1+1
Example 2:

Input: amount = 3, coins = [2]
Output: 0
Explanation: the amount of 3 cannot be made up just with coins of 2.
Example 3:

Input: amount = 10, coins = [10] 
Output: 1
*/

class Solution {
public:
    int change(int amount, vector<int>& coins) {
        // unbounded knapsack 
        vector<int> dp(amount+1,0);
        dp[0]=1;
        for(auto c:coins){
            for(int j=c;j<=amount;j++){
                dp[j]+=dp[j-c];
            }
        }
        return dp[amount];
    }
};

/*
LeetCode - Power of Two

Given an integer, write a function to determine if it is a power of two.

Example 1:

Input: 1
Output: true 
Explanation: 20 = 1
Example 2:

Input: 16
Output: true
Explanation: 24 = 16
Example 3:

Input: 218
Output: false
*/

class Solution {
public:
    bool isPowerOfTwo(int n) {
        // 8(n): 00001000
        // 7(n-1): 00000111
        // 8&7 (n&n-1) = 00000000 = 0
        return n>0&&!(n&(n-1));
    }
};

/*
LeetCode - Is Subsequence

Given a string s and a string t, check if s is subsequence of t.

You may assume that there is only lower case English letters in both s and t. t is potentially a very long (length ~= 500,000) string, and s is a short string (<=100).

A subsequence of a string is a new string which is formed from the original string by deleting some (can be none) of the characters without disturbing the relative positions of the remaining characters. (ie, "ace" is a subsequence of "abcde" while "aec" is not).

Example 1:
s = "abc", t = "ahbgdc"

Return true.

Example 2:
s = "axc", t = "ahbgdc"

Return false.

Follow up:
If there are lots of incoming S, say S1, S2, ... , Sk where k >= 1B, and you want to check one by one to see if T has its subsequence. In this scenario, how would you change your code?

Credits:
Special thanks to @pbrother for adding this problem and creating all test cases.
*/

class Solution {
public:
    bool isSubsequence(string s, string t) {
        int ssz=(int)s.size();
        int tsz=(int)t.size();
        int i=0,j=0;
        // two pointer approach
        for(;i<ssz&&j<tsz;j++){
            // if matched, move i to the next char in s
            if(s[i]==t[j]) i++;
        }
        // if i reaches the end, it means it is a subseqeunce
        return (i==ssz);
    }
};

class Solution2 {
public:
    bool isSubsequence(string s, string t) {
        // DP approach - similar to 1143. Longest Common Subsequence
        int m=(int)s.size(), n=(int)t.size();
        if(m==0) return true;
        vector<vector<int>> dp(m+1,vector<int>(n+1,0));
        for(int i=1;i<=m;i++){
            for(int j=1;j<=n;j++){
                if(s[i-1]==t[j-1]) {
                    dp[i][j]=dp[i-1][j-1]+1;
                } else {
                    dp[i][j]=max(dp[i-1][j], dp[i][j-1]);
                }
            }
        }
        return dp[m][n]==m;
    }
};

static const auto io_sync_off = []() {std::ios::sync_with_stdio(false);cin.tie(nullptr);cout.tie(nullptr);return 0;}();

The source code is available in corresponding repo below. Star and watch for timely updates!

GitHub logo wingkwong / leetcode

🏆 A Collection of my LeetCode Solutions with Explanations 🏆

GitHub logo wingkwong / hackerrank

🏆 A Collection of my HackerRank Solutions with Explanations 🏆

GitHub logo wingkwong / codeforces

🏆 A Collection of my Codeforces Solutions with Explanations 🏆

GitHub logo wingkwong / atcoder

🏆 A Collection of my AtCoder Solutions with Explanations 🏆

Daily Coding Challenge (88 Part Series)

1) Daily Coding Challenge #1 2) Daily Coding Challenge #2 3 ... 86 3) Daily Coding Challenge #3 4) Daily Coding Challenge #4 5) Daily Coding Challenge #5 6) Daily Coding Challenge #6 7) Daily Coding Challenge #7 8) Daily Coding Challenge #8 9) Daily Coding Challenge #9 10) Daily Coding Challenge #10 11) Daily Coding Challenge #11 12) Daily Coding Challenge #12 13) Daily Coding Challenge #13 14) Daily Coding Challenge #14 15) Daily Coding Challenge #15 16) Daily Coding Challenge #16 17) Daily Coding Challenge #17 18) Daily Coding Challenge #18 19) Daily Coding Challenge #19 20) Daily Coding Challenge #20 21) Daily Coding Challenge #21 22) Daily Coding Challenge #22 23) Daily Coding Challenge #23 24) Daily Coding Challenge #24 25) Daily Coding Challenge #25 26) Daily Coding Challenge #26 27) Daily Coding Challenge #27 28) Daily Coding Challenge #28 29) Daily Coding Challenge #29 30) Daily Coding Challenge #30 31) Daily Coding Challenge #31 32) Daily Coding Challenge #32 33) Daily Coding Challenge #33 34) Daily Coding Challenge #34 35) Daily Coding Challenge #35 36) Daily Coding Challenge #36 37) Daily Coding Challenge #37 38) Daily Coding Challenge #38 39) Daily Coding Challenge #39 40) Daily Coding Challenge #40 41) Daily Coding Challenge #41 42) Daily Coding Challenge #42 43) Daily Coding Challenge #43 44) Daily Coding Challenge #44 45) Daily Coding Challenge #45 46) Daily Coding Challenge #46 47) Daily Coding Challenge #47 48) Daily Coding Challenge #48 49) Daily Coding Challenge #49 50) Daily Coding Challenge #50 51) Daily Coding Challenge #51 52) Daily Coding Challenge #52 53) Daily Coding Challenge #53 54) Daily Coding Challenge #54 55) Daily Coding Challenge #55 56) Daily Coding Challenge #56 57) Daily Coding Challenge #57 58) Daily Coding Challenge #58 59) Daily Coding Challenge #59 60) Daily Coding Challenge #60 61) Daily Coding Challenge #61 62) Daily Coding Challenge #62 63) Daily Coding Challenge #63 64) Daily Coding Challenge #64 65) Daily Coding Challenge #65 66) Daily Coding Challenge #66 67) Daily Coding Challenge #67 68) Daily Coding Challenge #68 69) Daily Coding Challenge #69 70) Daily Coding Challenge #70 71) Daily Coding Challenge #71 72) Daily Coding Challenge #72 73) Daily Coding Challenge #73 74) Daily Coding Challenge #74 75) Daily Coding Challenge #75 76) Daily Coding Challenge #76 77) Daily Coding Challenge #77 78) Daily Coding Challenge #78 79) Daily Coding Challenge #79 80) Daily Coding Challenge #80 81) Daily Coding Challenge #81 82) Daily Coding Challenge #82 83) Daily Coding Challenge #83 84) Daily Coding Challenge #84 85) Daily Coding Challenge #85 86) Daily Coding Challenge #86 87) Daily Coding Challenge #87 88) Daily Coding Challenge #88

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wingkwong profile

Wing-Kam

@wingkwong

Consultant by day. Developer by night. AWS certified. Exploring #CloudNative currently.

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