Daily Coding Challenge #129

This is a series of Daily Coding Challenge. Each day I show a few solutions written in C++. The questions are from coding practice/contest sites such as HackerRank, LeetCode, Codeforces, Atcoder and etc.

/*
SSEC - Coding Contest-2  - Prime Game
https://www.codechef.com/SSCC2020/problems/SSEC0006
*/

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

typedef long long ll;
typedef pair<int, int> pii;
typedef pair<ll, ll> pll;
typedef pair<string, string> pss;
typedef vector<int> vi;
typedef vector<vi> vvi;
typedef vector<pii> vii;
typedef vector<ll> vl;
typedef vector<vl> vvl;

double EPS=1e-9;
int INF=1000000005;
long long INFF=1000000000000000005ll;
double PI=acos(-1);
int dirx[8]={ -1, 0, 0, 1, -1, -1, 1, 1 };
int diry[8]={ 0, 1, -1, 0, -1, 1, -1, 1 };
const ll MOD = 1000000007;

ll sum() { return 0; }
template<typename T, typename... Args>
T sum(T a, Args... args) { return a + sum(args...); }

#define DEBUG fprintf(stderr, "====TESTING====\n")
#define VALUE(x) cerr << "The value of " << #x << " is " << x << endl
#define OUT(x) cout << x << endl
#define OUTH(x) cout << x << " "
#define debug(...) fprintf(stderr, __VA_ARGS__)
#define READ(x) for(auto &(z):x) cin >> z;
#define FOR(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) < (c); ++(a))
#define FORN(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORD(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) >= (c); --(a))
#define FORSQ(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) * (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORC(a, b, c) for (char(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define EACH(a, b) for (auto&(a) : (b))
#define REP(i, n) FOR(i, 0, n)
#define REPN(i, n) FORN(i, 1, n)
#define MAX(a, b) a=max(a, b)
#define MIN(a, b) a=min(a, b)
#define SQR(x) ((ll)(x) * (x))
#define RESET(a, b) memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define fi first
#define se second
#define mp make_pair
#define pb push_back
#define ALL(v) v.begin(), v.end()
#define ALLA(arr, sz) arr, arr + sz
#define SIZE(v) (int)v.size()
#define SORT(v) sort(ALL(v))
#define REVERSE(v) reverse(ALL(v))
#define SORTA(arr, sz) sort(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define REVERSEA(arr, sz) reverse(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define PERMUTE next_permutation
#define TC(t) while (t--)
#define FAST_INP  ios_base::sync_with_stdio(false);cin.tie(NULL)
#define what_is(x) cerr << #x << " is " << x << endl;

void solve() {
int a, b;
cin >> a >> b;
int l = (a*b)/4, r = (a*b);
// there are 168 primes from 1 to 1000
vi prime(168);
prime = {2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29,31,37,41,43,47,53,59,\
61,67,71,73,79,83,89,97,101,103,107,109,113,127,131,137,139,149,151,157,\
163,167,173,179,181,191,193,197,199,211,223,227,229,233,239,\
241,251,257,263,269,271,277,281,283,293,307,311,313,317,331,\
337,347,349,353,359,367,373,379,383,389,397,401,409,419,421,\
431,433,439,443,449,457,461,463,467,479,487,491,499,503,509,\
521,523,541,547,557,563,569,571,577,587,593,599,601,607,613,\
617,619,631,641,643,647,653,659,661,673,677,683,691,701,709,\
719,727,733,739,743,751,757,761,769,773,787,797,809,811,821,\
823,827,829,839,853,857,859,863,877,881,883,887,907,911,919,\
929,937,941,947,953,967,971,977,983,991,997};
int left=-1, right=-1;
// look for the starting index and the ending index
REP(i,prime.size()){
if(left==-1&&prime[i]>=a) left=i;
if(prime[i]<=b) right=i;
if(prime[i]>b) break;
}
// brute force all the answers
FORN(i,left,right-1){
FORN(j,i+1,right){
int p = prime[i]*prime[j];
if(p>r) break;
if(l<=p&&p<=r) {
//              cout << l << " " << p << " " << r << "\n";
OUT((to_string(prime[i])+","+to_string(prime[j])));
}
}
}
}

int main()
{
FAST_INP;
//    #ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
//    freopen("input.txt","r", stdin);
//    freopen("output.txt","w", stdout);
//    #endif

//    int tc; cin >> tc;
//    TC(tc) solve();
solve();
return 0;
}


/*
SSEC - Coding Contest-2  - Analyse the Pattern
https://www.codechef.com/SSCC2020/problems/SSEC0010
*/

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

typedef long long ll;
typedef pair<int, int> pii;
typedef pair<ll, ll> pll;
typedef pair<string, string> pss;
typedef vector<int> vi;
typedef vector<vi> vvi;
typedef vector<pii> vii;
typedef vector<ll> vl;
typedef vector<vl> vvl;

double EPS=1e-9;
int INF=1000000005;
long long INFF=1000000000000000005ll;
double PI=acos(-1);
int dirx[8]={ -1, 0, 0, 1, -1, -1, 1, 1 };
int diry[8]={ 0, 1, -1, 0, -1, 1, -1, 1 };
const ll MOD = 1000000007;

ll sum() { return 0; }
template<typename T, typename... Args>
T sum(T a, Args... args) { return a + sum(args...); }

#define DEBUG fprintf(stderr, "====TESTING====\n")
#define VALUE(x) cerr << "The value of " << #x << " is " << x << endl
#define OUT(x) cout << x << endl
#define OUTH(x) cout << x << " "
#define debug(...) fprintf(stderr, __VA_ARGS__)
#define READ(x) for(auto &(z):x) cin >> z;
#define FOR(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) < (c); ++(a))
#define FORN(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORD(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) >= (c); --(a))
#define FORSQ(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) * (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORC(a, b, c) for (char(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define EACH(a, b) for (auto&(a) : (b))
#define REP(i, n) FOR(i, 0, n)
#define REPN(i, n) FORN(i, 1, n)
#define MAX(a, b) a=max(a, b)
#define MIN(a, b) a=min(a, b)
#define SQR(x) ((ll)(x) * (x))
#define RESET(a, b) memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define fi first
#define se second
#define mp make_pair
#define pb push_back
#define ALL(v) v.begin(), v.end()
#define ALLA(arr, sz) arr, arr + sz
#define SIZE(v) (int)v.size()
#define SORT(v) sort(ALL(v))
#define REVERSE(v) reverse(ALL(v))
#define SORTA(arr, sz) sort(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define REVERSEA(arr, sz) reverse(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define PERMUTE next_permutation
#define TC(t) while (t--)
#define FAST_INP  ios_base::sync_with_stdio(false);cin.tie(NULL)
#define what_is(x) cerr << #x << " is " << x << endl;

vector<vector<char>> p;

void solve() {
int n;
cin >> n;
--n;
//  for each query, print out all the ascii codes from p[n%7]
EACH(c,p[n%7]) OUTH(int(c));
OUT("");
}

int main()
{
FAST_INP;
//    #ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
//    freopen("input.txt","r", stdin);
//    freopen("output.txt","w", stdout);
//    #endif

int tc; cin >> tc;
p.resize(7);
// pre define the pattern
p[0] = {'S'};
p[1] = {'S','S'};
p[2] = {'S','S','E'};
p[3] = {'S','S','E','C'};
p[4] = {'S','S','E'};
p[5] = {'S','S'};
p[6] = {'S'};
TC(tc) solve();

return 0;
}


/*
SSEC - Coding Contest-2  - Lagest sum consecutive increasing digits in a No
https://www.codechef.com/SSCC2020/problems/SSEC0015
*/

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

typedef long long ll;
typedef pair<int, int> pii;
typedef pair<ll, ll> pll;
typedef pair<string, string> pss;
typedef vector<int> vi;
typedef vector<vi> vvi;
typedef vector<pii> vii;
typedef vector<ll> vl;
typedef vector<vl> vvl;

double EPS=1e-9;
int INF=1000000005;
long long INFF=1000000000000000005ll;
double PI=acos(-1);
int dirx[8]={ -1, 0, 0, 1, -1, -1, 1, 1 };
int diry[8]={ 0, 1, -1, 0, -1, 1, -1, 1 };
const ll MOD = 1000000007;

ll sum() { return 0; }
template<typename T, typename... Args>
T sum(T a, Args... args) { return a + sum(args...); }

#define DEBUG fprintf(stderr, "====TESTING====\n")
#define VALUE(x) cerr << "The value of " << #x << " is " << x << endl
#define OUT(x) cout << x << endl
#define OUTH(x) cout << x << " "
#define debug(...) fprintf(stderr, __VA_ARGS__)
#define READ(x) for(auto &(z):x) cin >> z;
#define FOR(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) < (c); ++(a))
#define FORN(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORD(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) >= (c); --(a))
#define FORSQ(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) * (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORC(a, b, c) for (char(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define EACH(a, b) for (auto&(a) : (b))
#define REP(i, n) FOR(i, 0, n)
#define REPN(i, n) FORN(i, 1, n)
#define MAX(a, b) a=max(a, b)
#define MIN(a, b) a=min(a, b)
#define SQR(x) ((ll)(x) * (x))
#define RESET(a, b) memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define fi first
#define se second
#define mp make_pair
#define pb push_back
#define ALL(v) v.begin(), v.end()
#define ALLA(arr, sz) arr, arr + sz
#define SIZE(v) (int)v.size()
#define SORT(v) sort(ALL(v))
#define REVERSE(v) reverse(ALL(v))
#define SORTA(arr, sz) sort(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define REVERSEA(arr, sz) reverse(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define PERMUTE next_permutation
#define TC(t) while (t--)
#define FAST_INP  ios_base::sync_with_stdio(false);cin.tie(NULL)
#define what_is(x) cerr << #x << " is " << x << endl;

void solve() {
string s;
cin >> s;
int sum=0,left=0,right=0,cnt=s[0]-'0',l=0, r=0, n=(int)s.size();
// if it is a single digit, the largest sum is itself from 1:1
if(n==1) {
printf("%d:%d-%d", s[0]-'0',1,1);
return;
}
// traverse the whole string and
// compare the current character and the previous one and
// store the starting and ending index
FOR(i,1,n){
int cur=s[i]-'0', prev=s[i-1]-'0';
if(cur>prev){
r=i;
cnt+=cur;
if(cnt>sum){
sum=cnt;
left=l+1;
right=r+1;
}
} else {
l=i;
cnt=cur;
}
}
if(left==0&&right==0) printf("%d:%d-%d", s[0]-'0',1,1);
else printf("%d:%d-%d", sum,left,right);
}

int main()
{
FAST_INP;
//    #ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
//    freopen("input.txt","r", stdin);
//    freopen("output.txt","w", stdout);
//    #endif

//    int tc; cin >> tc;
//    TC(tc) solve();
solve();

return 0;
}


/*
SSEC - Coding Contest-2  - REVERSE LENGTH DIVISBLE
https://www.codechef.com/SSCC2020/problems/SSEC0020
*/
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

typedef long long ll;
typedef pair<int, int> pii;
typedef pair<ll, ll> pll;
typedef pair<string, string> pss;
typedef vector<int> vi;
typedef vector<vi> vvi;
typedef vector<pii> vii;
typedef vector<ll> vl;
typedef vector<vl> vvl;

double EPS=1e-9;
int INF=1000000005;
long long INFF=1000000000000000005ll;
double PI=acos(-1);
int dirx[8]={ -1, 0, 0, 1, -1, -1, 1, 1 };
int diry[8]={ 0, 1, -1, 0, -1, 1, -1, 1 };
const ll MOD = 1000000007;

ll sum() { return 0; }
template<typename T, typename... Args>
T sum(T a, Args... args) { return a + sum(args...); }

#define DEBUG fprintf(stderr, "====TESTING====\n")
#define VALUE(x) cerr << "The value of " << #x << " is " << x << endl
#define OUT(x) cout << x << endl
#define OUTH(x) cout << x << " "
#define debug(...) fprintf(stderr, __VA_ARGS__)
#define READ(x) for(auto &(z):x) cin >> z;
#define FOR(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) < (c); ++(a))
#define FORN(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORD(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) >= (c); --(a))
#define FORSQ(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) * (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORC(a, b, c) for (char(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define EACH(a, b) for (auto&(a) : (b))
#define REP(i, n) FOR(i, 0, n)
#define REPN(i, n) FORN(i, 1, n)
#define MAX(a, b) a=max(a, b)
#define MIN(a, b) a=min(a, b)
#define SQR(x) ((ll)(x) * (x))
#define RESET(a, b) memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define fi first
#define se second
#define mp make_pair
#define pb push_back
#define ALL(v) v.begin(), v.end()
#define ALLA(arr, sz) arr, arr + sz
#define SIZE(v) (int)v.size()
#define SORT(v) sort(ALL(v))
#define REVERSE(v) reverse(ALL(v))
#define SORTA(arr, sz) sort(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define REVERSEA(arr, sz) reverse(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define PERMUTE next_permutation
#define TC(t) while (t--)
#define FAST_INP  ios_base::sync_with_stdio(false);cin.tie(NULL)
#define what_is(x) cerr << #x << " is " << x << endl;

void solve() {
int n, i=1, ok=1;
cin >> n;
while(n){
if(n%i) {
ok=0;
break;
}
i++;
n/=10;
}
if(ok) OUT("Yes");
else OUT("No");
}

int main()
{
FAST_INP;
//    #ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
//    freopen("input.txt","r", stdin);
//    freopen("output.txt","w", stdout);
//    #endif

//    int tc; cin >> tc;
//    TC(tc) solve();
solve();
return 0;
}


/*
SSEC - Coding Contest-2  - Arrange the dates
https://www.codechef.com/SSCC2020/problems/SSEC0004
*/

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

typedef long long ll;
typedef pair<int, int> pii;
typedef pair<ll, ll> pll;
typedef pair<string, string> pss;
typedef vector<int> vi;
typedef vector<vi> vvi;
typedef vector<pii> vii;
typedef vector<ll> vl;
typedef vector<vl> vvl;

double EPS=1e-9;
int INF=1000000005;
long long INFF=1000000000000000005ll;
double PI=acos(-1);
int dirx[8]={ -1, 0, 0, 1, -1, -1, 1, 1 };
int diry[8]={ 0, 1, -1, 0, -1, 1, -1, 1 };
const ll MOD = 1000000007;

ll sum() { return 0; }
template<typename T, typename... Args>
T sum(T a, Args... args) { return a + sum(args...); }

#define DEBUG fprintf(stderr, "====TESTING====\n")
#define VALUE(x) cerr << "The value of " << #x << " is " << x << endl
#define OUT(x) cout << x << endl
#define OUTH(x) cout << x << " "
#define debug(...) fprintf(stderr, __VA_ARGS__)
#define READ(x) for(auto &(z):x) cin >> z;
#define FOR(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) < (c); ++(a))
#define FORN(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORD(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) >= (c); --(a))
#define FORSQ(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) * (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORC(a, b, c) for (char(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define EACH(a, b) for (auto&(a) : (b))
#define REP(i, n) FOR(i, 0, n)
#define REPN(i, n) FORN(i, 1, n)
#define MAX(a, b) a=max(a, b)
#define MIN(a, b) a=min(a, b)
#define SQR(x) ((ll)(x) * (x))
#define RESET(a, b) memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define fi first
#define se second
#define mp make_pair
#define pb push_back
#define ALL(v) v.begin(), v.end()
#define ALLA(arr, sz) arr, arr + sz
#define SIZE(v) (int)v.size()
#define SORT(v) sort(ALL(v))
#define REVERSE(v) reverse(ALL(v))
#define SORTA(arr, sz) sort(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define REVERSEA(arr, sz) reverse(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define PERMUTE next_permutation
#define TC(t) while (t--)
#define FAST_INP  ios_base::sync_with_stdio(false);cin.tie(NULL)
#define what_is(x) cerr << #x << " is " << x << endl;

// spliting string by delimiter template
vector<string> split (string s, string delimiter) {
size_t pos_start = 0, pos_end, delim_len = delimiter.length();
string token;
vector<string> res;
while ((pos_end = s.find (delimiter, pos_start)) != string::npos) {
token = s.substr (pos_start, pos_end - pos_start);
pos_start = pos_end + delim_len;
res.push_back (token);
}
res.push_back (s.substr (pos_start));
return res;
}

void solve() {
int n;
cin >> n;
vector<tuple<int, int, int> > dates;
REP(i,n){
string s;
cin >> s;
// split by /
vector<string> splited = split(s,"/");
// 5/9/2010
// splited[0]: 5, splited[1]:9, splited[2]:2010
dates.pb(make_tuple(stoi(splited[0]),stoi(splited[1]),stoi(splited[2])));
}
// STL sorting
sort(ALL(dates), [](tuple<int, int, int>& a, tuple<int, int, int>& b){
return (get<2>(a)<get<2>(b))||((get<2>(a)==get<2>(b))&&((get<1>(a)<get<1>(b))||((get<1>(a)==get<1>(b))&&(get<0>(a)<get<0>(b)))));
//      return (get<2>(a) < get<2>(b)) || (get<1>(a) < get<1>(b)) || (get<0>(a) < get<0>(b));
});
EACH(date,dates){
cout<<get<0>(date)<<"/"<<get<1>(date)<<"/"<<get<2>(date)<<"\n";
}
}

int main()
{
FAST_INP;
//    #ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
//    freopen("input.txt","r", stdin);
//    freopen("output.txt","w", stdout);
//    #endif

//    int tc; cin >> tc;
//    TC(tc) solve();
solve();
return 0;
}


/*
SSEC - Coding Contest-2  - Hack It
https://www.codechef.com/SSCC2020/problems/SSEC0005
*/

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

typedef long long ll;
typedef pair<int, int> pii;
typedef pair<ll, ll> pll;
typedef pair<string, string> pss;
typedef vector<int> vi;
typedef vector<vi> vvi;
typedef vector<pii> vii;
typedef vector<ll> vl;
typedef vector<vl> vvl;

double EPS=1e-9;
int INF=1000000005;
long long INFF=1000000000000000005ll;
double PI=acos(-1);
int dirx[8]={ -1, 0, 0, 1, -1, -1, 1, 1 };
int diry[8]={ 0, 1, -1, 0, -1, 1, -1, 1 };
const ll MOD = 1000000007;

ll sum() { return 0; }
template<typename T, typename... Args>
T sum(T a, Args... args) { return a + sum(args...); }

#define DEBUG fprintf(stderr, "====TESTING====\n")
#define VALUE(x) cerr << "The value of " << #x << " is " << x << endl
#define OUT(x) cout << x << endl
#define OUTH(x) cout << x << " "
#define debug(...) fprintf(stderr, __VA_ARGS__)
#define READ(x) for(auto &(z):x) cin >> z;
#define FOR(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) < (c); ++(a))
#define FORN(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORD(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) >= (c); --(a))
#define FORSQ(a, b, c) for (int(a)=(b); (a) * (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define FORC(a, b, c) for (char(a)=(b); (a) <= (c); ++(a))
#define EACH(a, b) for (auto&(a) : (b))
#define REP(i, n) FOR(i, 0, n)
#define REPN(i, n) FORN(i, 1, n)
#define MAX(a, b) a=max(a, b)
#define MIN(a, b) a=min(a, b)
#define SQR(x) ((ll)(x) * (x))
#define RESET(a, b) memset(a, b, sizeof(a))
#define fi first
#define se second
#define mp make_pair
#define pb push_back
#define ALL(v) v.begin(), v.end()
#define ALLA(arr, sz) arr, arr + sz
#define SIZE(v) (int)v.size()
#define SORT(v) sort(ALL(v))
#define REVERSE(v) reverse(ALL(v))
#define SORTA(arr, sz) sort(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define REVERSEA(arr, sz) reverse(ALLA(arr, sz))
#define PERMUTE next_permutation
#define TC(t) while (t--)
#define FAST_INP  ios_base::sync_with_stdio(false);cin.tie(NULL)
#define what_is(x) cerr << #x << " is " << x << endl;

void solve() {
string s, ans;
cin >> s;
// -2 for each digit
for(char c:s) ans+=c-'0'-2+'0';
OUT(ans);
}

int main()
{
FAST_INP;
//    #ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE
//    freopen("input.txt","r", stdin);
//    freopen("output.txt","w", stdout);
//    #endif

int tc; cin >> tc;
TC(tc) solve();

return 0;
}


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wingkwong / competitive-programming

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Wing-Kam

Consultant by day. Developer by night. AWS certified. Exploring #CloudNative currently.