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Waylon Walker
Waylon Walker

Posted on • Originally published at waylonwalker.com

My first impressions with pyenv

pyenv provides an easy way to install almost any version of python from a large list of distributions. I have simply been using the version of python from the os package manager for awhile, but recently I bumped my home system to Ubuntu 21.10 impish, and it is only 3.9+ while the libraries I needed were only compatable with up to 3.8.

I needed to install an older version of python on ubuntu

I've been wanting to check out pyenv for awhile now, but without a burning need to do so.

installing

Based on the Readme it looked like I needed to install using homebrew,so this is what I did, but I later realized that there is a pyenv-installer repo that may have saved me this need.

https://waylonwalker.com/til/installing-homebrew-linux/

List out install candidates

You can list all of the available versions to install with
pyenv install --list. It does reccomend updating pyenv if you suspect that it is missing one. At the time of writing this comes out to 532 different versions!

pyenv install --list
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Let's install the latest 3.8 patch

Installing a version is as easy as pyenv install 3.8.12. This will install it, but not make it active anywhere.

pyenv install 3.8.12
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let's use python 3.8.12 while in this directory

Running pyenv local will set the version of python that we wish to use while in this directory and any directory underneath of it while using the pyenv command.

pyenv local python3.8.12
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.python-version file

This creates a .python-version files in the directory I ran it in, that contains simply the version number.

3.8.12
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using with pipx

I immediately ran into the same issue I was having before when trying to run pipx, as pipx was running my system python. I had to install pipx in the python3.8 environment to get it to use it.

pyenv exec pip install pipx
pyenv exec pipx run kedro new
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python is still the system python

When I open a terminal and call python its still my system python that I installed and set with update-alternatives. I am not sure if this is expected or based on how I had installed the system python previously, but it's what happened on my system.

update-alternatives --query python

Name: python
Link: /home/walkers/.local/bin/python
Status: auto
Best: /usr/bin/python3
Value: /usr/bin/python3
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making a virtual environment

To make a virtual environment, I simply ran pyenv exec python in place of where I would normally run python and it worked for me. There is a whole package to get pyenv and venv to play nicely together, so I suspect that there is more to it, but this worked well for me and I was happy.

pyenv exec python -m venv .venv --prompt $(basename $PWD)
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Now when my virtual environment is active it points to the python in that virtual environment, and is the version of python that was used to create the environment.

Links

https://github.com/pyenv/pyenv#installation


I wrote this during my first few minutes of using pyenv. It's been working great for me since then and has been practically invisible. If you have more experience with pyenv I would really appreciate a comment on your experience below.

Discussion (5)

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hanpari profile image
Pavel Morava

If you have several Pythons in your ubuntu, you can simply create a virtual environment by running

python3.9 -m venv env
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In most cases, this is enough. Note that I specified the version of Python explicitly including its subversion.

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waylonwalker profile image
Waylon Walker Author

This works well with apt installed versions of python, but when you bump to 21.10, unless you add the deadsnakes ppa you can't get older versions. I don't understand it yet, but this doesn't work with pyenv. I wish it did though. It's likely because they maintain a bunch of distros of python and python3.9 could mean different things if you have pypy, anaconda, and core installed. I have no idea why they didn't go this route for sure.

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hanpari profile image
Pavel Morava

You are right. Thankfully, for my purposes, it is enough. I have to admit I didn't use Anaconda lately. My biggest project is in Python3.6, so I usually use this one or higher.

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baurt profile image
Tyler Baur

In order to have python use the current global pyenv version, you need to modify your PATH environment variable. See #2 under "Basic Github Checkout". Here's what it says to do the ZSH:

echo 'export PYENV_ROOT="$HOME/.pyenv"' >>~/.zprofile
echo 'export PATH="$PYENV_ROOT/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.zprofile
echo 'eval "$(pyenv init --path)"' >> ~/.zprofile

echo 'export PYENV_ROOT="$HOME/.pyenv"' >> ~/.profile
echo 'export PATH="$PYENV_ROOT/bin:$PATH"' >> ~/.profile
echo 'eval "$(pyenv init --path)"' >> ~/.profile

echo 'eval "$(pyenv init -)"' >> ~/.zshrc

You could of course put that in the .zshrc instead of profile.
You need to make sure that the pyenv shims appear before the /usr/bin directory in the path. I'm not sure how the update-alternatives works with this, but I've never had an issue with pyenv with the shims at the front of the path. A call to

which python

should point to the pyenv shim, given you restarted the shell

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waylonwalker profile image
Waylon Walker Author

I put pyenv root right to the front of the $PATH and it was still going for system first. I ended up running update-alternatives --remove, and now pyenv has full control.