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Cover image for Create on-demand access pass minting (ERC 721)
Avneesh Agarwal for thirdweb

Posted on • Originally published at portal.thirdweb.com

Create on-demand access pass minting (ERC 721)

What is thirdweb?

thirdweb is a platform that lets you deploy smart contracts without having to know Solidity, you can do it by using TypeScript, Python or Go or even without writing any code.

Introduction

In this guide, we will create an NFT collection where users can connect their wallets to the website and mint an NFT by generating a signature. The metadata of the signature will be the same for everyone but this will help us send ERC 721 tokens which are unique to all the users.

This collection of passes will be similar to the Fnatic passes drop!

Before we get started, below are some helpful resources where you can learn more about the tools we will use in this guide.

Let's get started.

Setup

I am going to use the Next typescript starter template for this guide.

If you are following along with the guide, you can create a project with the
Next TypeScript template using the thirdweb CLI:

npx thirdweb create --next --ts
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If you already have a Next.js app you can simply follow these steps to get started:

  • Install @thirdweb-dev/react and @thirdweb-dev/sdk and ethers
  • Add MetaMask authentication to the site. You can follow this guide to do this.

By default the network in _app.tsx is Mainnet, we need to change it to Mumbai

import type { AppProps } from "next/app";
import { ChainId, ThirdwebProvider } from "@thirdweb-dev/react";

// This is the chainId your dApp will work on.
const activeChainId = ChainId.Mumbai;

function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }: AppProps) {
  return (
    <ThirdwebProvider desiredChainId={activeChainId}>
      <Component {...pageProps} />
    </ThirdwebProvider>
  );
}

export default MyApp;
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Creating an NFT collection

We also need to create an NFT collection contract where all the passes will live.
So, go to the thirdweb dashboard and create an NFT collection!

Fill out the details and deploy the contract!

Deploy NFT Collection

We don't need to do anything else for now, all the NFTs will be minted as the users start minting! So let's get started with the code.

Making the website

Creating an API for generating a signature

We are going to use the signature minting on our backend. You can also add different checks if you want like different price for different wallets, allowing users to mint only 1 pass, etc.

Create a new folder api in the pages folder and generate-mint-sig.ts inside it.

We will now build a basic API that will output "gm wagmi"

import type { NextApiRequest, NextApiResponse } from "next";

const generateMintSignature = async (
  req: NextApiRequest,
  res: NextApiResponse
) => {
  res.send("gm wagmi");
};

export default generateMintSignature;
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This creates a basic API for us, if you now go to the api/generate-mint-sig
endpoint, you will get a response of gm wagmi.

Api endpoint

Let's now initialize the thirdweb SDK!

const sdk = ThirdwebSDK.fromPrivateKey(
  process.env.PRIVATE_KEY as string,
  "mumbai"
);
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As you can see, we are using an environment variable to initialize the sdk.
The variable is called PRIVATE_KEY, which is the wallet's private key.
Create a new file .env.local and add your private key.

PRIVATE_KEY=<private_key>
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How to export your private key

Learn how to export your private key from your wallet.

To do this, create a file called .env.local at the root of your project, and add the following to it:

PRIVATE_KEY=your-private-key-here
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Warning

Ensure you store and access your private key securely.

  • Never commit any file that may contain your private key to your source control.

We also need to import the ThirdwebSDK:

import { ThirdwebSDK } from "@thirdweb-dev/sdk";
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Generating the signature

Finally, we are going to access the NFT Collection using the sdk and generate a signature from it:

const { address } = JSON.parse(req.body);

const collection = sdk.getNFTCollection(
  "0xeED8165505d78D2CA9f2b4fA6Aff179CeBd4dCA4"
);

const metadata = {
  name: "Thirdweb",
  description: "Build web3 apps, easily.",
  image: readFileSync(path.join(process.cwd(), "public", "thirdweb.svg")),
  properties: {
    web: "3",
  },
};

try {
  const signedPayload = await collection.signature.generate({
    to: address,
    metadata,
  });

  return res.status(200).json({
    signedPayload,
  });
} catch (error) {
  console.log(error);
  return res.status(500).json({
    error,
  });
}
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This is an example of a free mint, you can pass in different properties like price to customize your NFT collection! And as you can see we have created a new metadata object with data of the pass so you need to change the details like name, image, description, and properties based on your needs! For the image we are using a local file which is in the public folder so make sure to put in the correct path.

Calling the API from the frontend

In index.tsx update the address ternary and add the Mint button:

<div>
  {address ? (
    <button onClick={mint}>Mint</button>
  ) : (
    <button onClick={connectWithMetamask}>Connect with Metamask</button>
  )}
</div>
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Now we will create the mint function that makes an api call to the backend and mints the NFT:

const collection = useNFTCollection(
  "0xeED8165505d78D2CA9f2b4fA6Aff179CeBd4dCA4"
);

const mint = async () => {
  const signedPayloadReq = await fetch("/api/generate-mint-sig", {
    method: "POST",
    body: JSON.stringify({ address }),
  });

  const signedPayload = await signedPayloadReq.json();

  try {
    const nft = await collection?.signature.mint(signedPayload.signedPayload);
    return nft;
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err);
    return null;
  }
};
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If we now try minting the NFT, we will be able to mint the NFT successfully!

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