Can you describe your change verbosely, yet concisely?
Can you describe your change verbosely, yet concisely?
To put it concisely: no.
Or, to be more verbose:
It’s worth it to mention that all the above is a must unless your team uses “squash branches” strategy. In the latter case, it really does not matter how FADDI are your own commits :)
Very true. I'm not a fan of squashing commits because you lose the history (in a way) of each commit message. One of the tools I use in troubleshooting or continuous development is relying on the commit messages of other developers from a quick git blame on a file I'm working on. 9/10 times, the commit message is much more useful than a code comment.
I don’t trust commit messages either. 9/10 times the code itself is much more useful than both a code comment and a commit message.
I agree 100%, but if squashed there is not too much use of blame no?
Well, we usually have a one-to-one relationship between branches and developers.
BTW, atomic and frequent might be mutually exclusive in some cases.
Yes and no. If your team's overarching strategy is fork-and-branch, you can still maintain your full commit-history in your fork.
It's applicable even in feature branch
Not when you squash branches on merge. When using this strategy, all commits are squashed (become a single commit in the target branch) nevertheless.
But if your branch live for days, we may stay need to have multiple commit
I used to revert my own code before merging my PR
To continue on @beyrem_makh
's point, even if you know your commits will be squashed if you ever need to revert a commit, drop it, or edit it then having clear commit messages would be helpful.
For example, if I've been working on a branch for a few days, but another task is dependent on those changes before it can get started. Then another developer may branch off of my branch and start their work.
Some time later, my branch is squashed into master. But before the second branch can be squashed in, that author will need to know which commits were for one task and not the other.
If neither developer worked on both branches, than it's easier to tell.
But if either of them did or both tasks on worked on by the same person, then having a clear commit message is critical.
On my teams, we include the task number we are working on in the commit message. Always the first thing typed out.
We use branch-per-task approach, so it’s a branch name who holds the task number.
In my own experience, putting too much effort into commit messages does not pay out on a long run. I am not saying “done” is enough for the commit message, and once or twice I was to go through per-commit diffs to pick up some changes, but in general I have a gut feeling we are more to waste time than to yield any profit spending hours on inventing the best-ever commit messages.
I might be wrong, though.
I certainly don't recommend spending hours on a message. And in your example of the branch names containing the task number, we do that too.
But if branch 2345 is branched off of 1900, then some new commits are added to 1900. By looking at the commit history of 1900, how would you tell when 2345's commits ended and 1900's started?
Date, time, and author may be useful. But that would take more mental power than simply having "2345" at the start of all of 2345's commits and "1900" at the start of all of 1900's commits.
My team's backend branches off of each other quite a bit and sometimes the frontend team does it as well.
So those 2nd-tier branches depend on a 1st tier branch that isn't even completed. So the 1st tier branch could still change as time goes on, from new commits to changing the history of the branch.
That would cause conflicts to occur when the 2nd-tier branch tries to merge into master (after the 1st tier supposedly does) or when it rebases back onto the 1st tier branch.
It all just depends on the team's workflow, the team size, and the complexities of your tasks.
Ideally, nothing would get started that depends on changes that haven't been merged into master.
But in real-life messes happen, and having clear intent and purpose in the commit messages would be beneficial.
If you are spending hours on your commit message, maybe the work was too much for a single commit or you are overthinking the message.
I’ve been thinking about the complete git/GitHub workflow.
Thanks for prompting my thoughts again.
I suppose the second point makes sense if you are creating specialized branches or when you are working locally and before you push your changes you want to show a unified picture in your log.
It is actually part of a common workflow with GitHub. Commit locally often. Push to a working branch on a personal fork often. Reorganize, squash, rebase, locally then git push --force-with-lease the result you want in a pull request onto your branch before sending it back to the parent project.
git push --force-with-lease
Had to look that up. For those unfamiliar: git push --force-with-lease
What's the point of squashing?
Squashing is about organizing. The most common case are putting a few commits that do very similar things together as one for the final history.
Do you have a recommendation for how frequently one should make changes? For instance, I am working on a new feature today, and I plan on committing after I'm done in about three hours. Does that make sense?
Commit frequency depends on the task and your workflow. We use feature branches with git.
When I'm adding a feature to an existing code base or fixing a defect, I usually do a bunch of refactoring commits. I try to keep similar changes together. So I'll get commit messages like:
And then I'll write commits for the new code:
If it gets too big I break it into multiple pull requests. 8-10 commits per pull request is about as high as I'll go.
My main goal is to make my code changes reviewable. Having the refactoring changes separate from manual changes makes code much easier to review.
I also like the idea of using commits like a ratchet. So I'll commit when I'm about to move from a change that I'm sure about to one that I'm tentative about. Then I can revert quickly if I feel I've gone down the wrong path without losing the changes I was sure about.
I start with everytime you hit save. Can you describe your change in one sentence? Commit it. Then after you get into the rigor of committing that frequently, then you can begin to scale back. It's more art than science.
Every time I save? Good lord! I save at least once every 2 minutes.
Lol, but you get my point. It's extreme, but you have to think about the changes you made. Adding classes and methods can constitute a commit.
Color me envious. I wish we used Git at work on my project. Frequent, small check-ins would jibe with how I work. As well as frequent branching.
At work, we use a centralized version control system. Check-ins are large and infrequent, and have to have been compiled and tested before check-in, because each check-in triggers the CI/CD build server. And breaking the build causes other developers to break out the pitchforks and torches.
Compiling the project takes between ten minutes to an hour, depending on how much gets touched. (Although long in the tooth, Lakos's Large-Scale C++ Software Design is highly applicable to my project. Wish we could apply it. Alas.)
I think there is one that you missed "format".
A commit should look like this (although the long description isn't always necessary)
Short title saying what commit does
Long description with as many characters as you want explaining why the commit was needed.
This is what I'd meant by descriptive. I'm implying the format of the git commit message.
Writing good commit messages is also crucial.
Totally agree. That's why I shortened this article down to just "descriptive". I'm implying the commit message should be descriptive.
I just x-posted my larger article from Medium. Check it out dev.to/sublimegeek/check-out-these...
Thank for this small an concise article about best practices on the commits usage
Love this. Particularly, I agree with the first three. The latter is definitely necessary when working with something like the master branch.
Sharing to my whole team. Thank you.
I'm so honored! Thank you!
I'm always doing "amends" to fix some erratas of the last commit... 😔
Great recommendations, Johnathan.
Might I recommend "dad-if" or "if-dad" for the mnemonic.
That's an incredibly inappropriate acronym.
Good on you!
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