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Build an E-Commerce Website with MERN Stack - Part 4 (Cart and Orders)

shubham1710 profile image Kumar Shubham Originally published at Medium Updated on ・4 min read

Hello friends! So, this is the fourth part of the MERN Stack series we have recently started. In the first part, we all learnt how to set up the project and had explanations about various things we are going to use in the project and we developed all our models for the project in the second part with the help of Mongoose and MongoDB.

In the third part, we started to build the REST APIs which handles the authentication and items in our project. Now, in this fourth part, we will be wrapping up our backend part by building the REST APIs to handle the cart and orders aspect of the web application and also to handle payments using Stripe Checkout.

Notice: I will publish the complete detailed version of all the articles on the Medium website. Here I will give an overview and give the codes for the various pages part by part.
So, please click here to go to Medium and read it in completion. (These are friend links so do not worry about paywall)

So, as we saw in the previous part, we created the folders named routes and controllers in our root directory.

We also created four files inside each of these two folders —representing the auth, item, cart and order respectively.

Note: We will handle the Routes and Controllers related to only Cart and Orders in this tutorial as we have already dealt with the Authentication and Items in the previous tutorial.

Routes

Cart Routes

const { Router } = require('express');
const cartController = require('../controllers/cartControllers');
const router = Router();

router.get('/cart/:id',cartController.get_cart_items);
router.post('/cart/:id',cartController.add_cart_item);
router.delete('/cart/:userId/:itemId',cartController.delete_item);

module.exports = router;
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Order Routes

const { Router } = require('express');
const orderController = require('../controllers/orderControllers');
const router = Router();

router.get('/order/:id',orderController.get_orders);
router.post('/order/:id',orderController.checkout);

module.exports = router;
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Controllers

Cart Controllers

const Cart = require('../models/Cart');
const Item = require('../models/Item');

module.exports.get_cart_items = async (req,res) => {
    const userId = req.params.id;
    try{
        let cart = await Cart.findOne({userId});
        if(cart && cart.items.length>0){
            res.send(cart);
        }
        else{
            res.send(null);
        }
    }
    catch(err){
        console.log(err);
        res.status(500).send("Something went wrong");
    }
}

module.exports.add_cart_item = async (req,res) => {
    const userId = req.params.id;
    const { productId, quantity } = req.body;

    try{
        let cart = await Cart.findOne({userId});
        let item = await Item.findOne({_id: productId});
        if(!item){
            res.status(404).send('Item not found!')
        }
        const price = item.price;
        const name = item.title;

        if(cart){
            // if cart exists for the user
            let itemIndex = cart.items.findIndex(p => p.productId == productId);

            // Check if product exists or not
            if(itemIndex > -1)
            {
                let productItem = cart.items[itemIndex];
                productItem.quantity += quantity;
                cart.items[itemIndex] = productItem;
            }
            else {
                cart.items.push({ productId, name, quantity, price });
            }
            cart.bill += quantity*price;
            cart = await cart.save();
            return res.status(201).send(cart);
        }
        else{
            // no cart exists, create one
            const newCart = await Cart.create({
                userId,
                items: [{ productId, name, quantity, price }],
                bill: quantity*price
            });
            return res.status(201).send(newCart);
        }       
    }
    catch (err) {
        console.log(err);
        res.status(500).send("Something went wrong");
    }
}

module.exports.delete_item = async (req,res) => {
    const userId = req.params.userId;
    const productId = req.params.itemId;
    try{
        let cart = await Cart.findOne({userId});
        let itemIndex = cart.items.findIndex(p => p.productId == productId);
        if(itemIndex > -1)
        {
            let productItem = cart.items[itemIndex];
            cart.bill -= productItem.quantity*productItem.price;
            cart.items.splice(itemIndex,1);
        }
        cart = await cart.save();
        return res.status(201).send(cart);
    }
    catch (err) {
        console.log(err);
        res.status(500).send("Something went wrong");
    }
}
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Order Controller

const Order = require('../models/order');
const Cart = require('../models/Cart');
const User = require('../models/User');
const config = require('config');
const stripe = require('stripe')(config.get('StripeAPIKey'));

module.exports.get_orders = async (req,res) => {
    const userId = req.params.id;
    Order.find({userId}).sort({date:-1}).then(orders => res.json(orders));
}

module.exports.checkout = async (req,res) => {
    try{
        const userId = req.params.id;
        const {source} = req.body;
        let cart = await Cart.findOne({userId});
        let user = await User.findOne({_id: userId});
        const email = user.email;
        if(cart){
            const charge = await stripe.charges.create({
                amount: cart.bill,
                currency: 'inr',
                source: source,
                receipt_email: email
            })
            if(!charge) throw Error('Payment failed');
            if(charge){
                const order = await Order.create({
                    userId,
                    items: cart.items,
                    bill: cart.bill
                });
                const data = await Cart.findByIdAndDelete({_id:cart.id});
                return res.status(201).send(order);
            }
        }
        else{
            res.status(500).send("You do not have items in cart");
        }
    }
    catch(err){
        console.log(err);
        res.status(500).send("Something went wrong");
    }
}
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So, this was all for the fourth part. We have finally summed up the backend part of this series and will now move forward to the client-side i.e. React and Redux code from the next tutorial.

To read the complete tutorial, please move to Medium and read the complete article.

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