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Useful Git Commands.πŸ’»

shubham yadav
Open Source Enthusiast | Developer
・Updated on ・2 min read

Git is an example of a distributed version control system commonly used for open source and commercial software development.

Let's go :

  1. initalize git in files/directories.
git init
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2.Clone the repository in your local system.

git clone https://github.com/<your-user-name>/<repo-name>
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3.To check the current status of the repository.

git status
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4.To add specific file to the staging area.

git add <file-name>
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5.To add all changed file to staging area.

git add .
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6.To unstage a certain file

git restore --stagged <filename>
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7.To see recent changes in the repository.

git diff
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8.To give a message and commit.

git commit -m "your-message"
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9.To see the commit history.

git log
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10.To see last specific commits (eg. Last 3 commits).

git log -3
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11.To discard the specific commit.

git revert <commit-token>
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12.To undo the commit and bring back changes to staging area.

git reset --soft HEAD <no._of_commit_to_revert>
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13.To show remote URLs

git remote -v
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14.To fetch the changes from origin to your local system.

git pull origin
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15.To create a branch named branch-name.

git branch <branch-name> 
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16.To make changes in the specific branch.

git checkout <branch-name>
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17.To merge sub branch to main branch.

git merge <branch-name>
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18.To delete a specific branch.

git branch -d <branch-name> 
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19.To push the recent commits.

git push origin <branch-name>
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20.Connect to remote

git remote add origin <url>
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21.To push the current branch and set the remote as upstream

git push --set-upstream origin master
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22.To rename branch name.

git branch -m <branch-name>
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Discussion (1)

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bobbyiliev profile image
Bobby Iliev

Great list!

For anyone who is just getting started, I could also suggest this free opensource eBook here on how to get started with git and github:

GitHub logo bobbyiliev / introduction-to-git-and-github-ebook

Free Introduction to Git and GitHub eBook

πŸ’‘ Introduction to Git and GitHub

This is an open-source introduction to Git and GitHub guide that will help you learn the basics of version control and start using Git for your SysOps, DevOps, and Dev projects. No matter if you are a DevOps/SysOps engineer, developer, or just a Linux enthusiast, you can use Git to track your code changes and collaborate with other members of your team or open source maintainers.

The guide is suitable for anyone working as a developer, system administrator, or a DevOps engineer and wants to learn the basics of Git, GitHub and version control in general.

πŸš€ Download

To download a copy of the ebook use one of the following links:

πŸ“˜ Chapters

  • About the book
  • Introduction to Git
  • Version Control
  • Installing Git
  • Basic Shell Commands
  • Git Configuration
  • Introduction to GitHub
  • Initializing a Git project
  • Git Status
  • Git Add
  • Git…