HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is a markup language used to structure and present content on the World Wide Web. It consists of a series of elements, or tags, that define the structure and content of a web page.
HTML is an accepted standard for structuring and displaying information on the World Wide Web. The fifth version, HTML 5, was issued in October 2014 by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
In order to make an HTML page, you can make use of a text editor to write the HTML code, save it with a
.html suffix, and then open it in a web browser. The browser will interpret the HTML code and display the page based on the tags and attributes indicated.
HTML tags are utilized to define the structure and contents of a website. They are written within angled brackets, frequently in pairs, comprising of an opening and closing tag. For example,
<p> stands for a paragraph, while
<h1> denotes a heading.
Attributes offer additional details about an HTML element. They are situated within the opening tag, and contain a name and a value. For example, the
href attribute is used to define a link in an
You can also use CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) to style and layout your HTML page. CSS is a separate language that is used to define the appearance and layout of an HTML document. It can be used to change the font, color, size, and other style properties of HTML elements, as well as to control the layout of a page.
In summary, HTML works by using tags and attributes to define the structure and content of a web page, and CSS is used to style and layout the page. Together, these technologies enable you to create rich and interactive web experiences.
HTML5 has brought about a great many feature when compared to its preceding versions. One of the most noteworthy changes is its incorporation of web standards, which has improved the compatibility of web pages across browsers and devices.
Some of the notable features of HTML5 include:
- Improved support for audio and video: HTML5 introduced new elements for embedding audio and video content, such as the
<video>tags. This allows web developers to easily add multimedia content to their pages without the need for third-party plugins like Flash.
- Enhanced graphics capabilities: HTML5 introduces the
- Improved support for web forms: HTML5 introduces new form elements and attributes that make it easier for developers to create and style web forms. This includes new input types such as email, URL, and tel, as well as new attributes for input validation and autofocus.
- Enhanced semantic elements: HTML5 introduces new semantic elements that better reflect the content they contain. For example, the
<header>element is used to represent the header of a document or section, while the
<footer>element represents the footer. This helps search engines better understand the content of a page and improve its ranking in search results.
HTML5 has been widely adopted by web developers and is supported by all modern web browsers. It has also played a significant role in the development of web-based applications and mobile applications, as it provides a powerful platform for creating rich and interactive experiences on the web.