re: How to useEffect vs componentDid/Will-unmount VIEW POST


Hi, in your code handleClick seems to depend on props.closeAddItemModal well first of all this.props probably does not work because it's a function component. Secondly if closeAddItemModal changes it probably will cause issues in this useEffect hook. It's probably better to add it as a dependency of the effect:

useEffect(() => {
  const handleClick = (e) => {
     // your handle click

  document.addEventListener('mousedown', handleClick, false);
  document.addEventListener('keydown', handleClick, false);

  return () => {
    // remove event listeners here
}, [props.closeAddItemModal]);



I see you've updated the code. I would move the definition of handleClick to the body of that useEffect function (if it is not used elsewhere) so we won't be creating a new handleClick function on each render call. Also it's good to show that we are actually using the dependencies inside the hook directly.

If handleClick is also used in other places, an alternative method to this is to combine this with useCallback

const handleClick = useCallback(() => {
  // same handle click here
}, [props.closeAddItemModal]);

useEffect(() => {
  // same effect
  // different dependencies 
}, [handleClick]);

So if props.closeAddItemModal doesn't change we won't be creating new handleClick funcs and our useEffect hook will be safe.

I'd highly recommend this eslint plugin if you haven't used it npmjs.com/package/eslint-plugin-re...

its only used for this functions, so I just move it above the click listener? :o

Yea I would do that. So the function is within the same block scope created by the effect.

React could render multiple times (with or without any state / prop changes), it's better to keep dependencies and the code where they are used close.

So I made a Util file, and I imported the function and then and callingback to it inside the useEffect, and this works for all my modals except one modal which crashes when I open and close it too many times... any ideas why this could happen?

could you share some code?

it sounds like that one modal might have some effects that are not cleaned up properly when closed.

here is the code for close modal function that I wrote

and this works for all the modals except specifically this one


Right, so in your effect hook, the event listeners are never cleaned up.

you have something like this:

useEffect(() => {
  document.addEventListener('mousedown', (e) => {});

  return () => {
    document.removeEventListener('mousedown', () => {});
}, []);

notice the arrow functions in both document.addEventListenerand removeEventListener calls - you are creating new functions on the fly.

when addEventListener is called here, a new function will be created, and provided as event handler.
when removeEventListener is called, again, another new function will be created, and provided as the reference to which function that needs to be removed from the listeners.

whenever we write () => {} we are creating a new function, and even if the code is exactly the same, javascript will treat them as totally different entities.

To fix this, we should only create the callback once, and pass the reference to that function to all 4 calls:

useEffect(() => {
  // create the event handler and save its reference to const closeModal
  const closeModal = (e) => {
    closeModalFunction(e, closePriceHistoryModal);

  document.addEventListener('mousedown', closeModal); // pass reference to the call
  document.addEventListener('keydown', closeModal); // referencing the same function

  return () => {
    document.removeEventListener('mousedown', closeModal); // same reference
    document.removeEventListener('keydown', closeModal); // same reference
}, [closePriceHistoryModal]);

Oh I see... this is the callback you were talking about!!! amazing... the weird thing is it only happens to this specific modal so I didnt notice until now! Let me try this and get back to you

AMAZING IT WORKED I added the key down option too.. WOW this lesson was awesome thank you so much... if you ever want free mcdonalds or food I gotchu my friend!

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