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Kiron Roy
Kiron Roy

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Basics of macOS terminal and VIM

apple logo

command + k = clear the screen

command + , = open preferences for terminal

cd = change directory

pwd = present working directory

ls = list files

cd .. = go up one directory

mkdir = make directory

rmdir = remove directory

touch = make a new file

atom . = open files in atom editor

touch problem{1,2,3,4,5,6,7}.cs = make multiple files in series: problem.cs problem.cs ...

cd booklist && touch books.cs = cd into booklist directory and creating books.cs file

echo "This is a text file etc." > test.txt fills an exisiting text file with more text

cat test.txt shows a preview

open -a Safari index.html open a html file in a browser

cp essay.txt essayv2.txt copy contents from one file to another

cp -r projects kironroy copy contents of one dir to another

tree see your directory and files with branches

mv essay.txt article.txt rename a file

rm remove file

rm -i remove file "flag, remove my file?"

rm -r remove folders, subfolders, files EVERYTHING (THIS IS FINAL!)

lpr file.txt print a file from printer

lp -o landscape -o fit-to-page filename.jpg printing options

Show Hidden Files

defaults write AppleShowAllFiles TRUE

To see the change you need to restart the Finder

execute the following line in the Terminal:

killall Finder

defaults write AppleShowAllFiles FALSE

sudo rm -rf = delete something from trash can

rm -r ~/Library/Messages/chat.* Delete iMessages archive

~/Library/Caches = clean caches

history view history of terminal

history -c clear terminal's current history

rm ~/.bash_history clear history from the beginning

echo "" > ~/.zsh_history & exec $SHELL -l clear history for zsh history on unix systems

vim logo

vimtutor enter vim tutor mode

Vim basic commands Result
i insert
wq save & quit
q quit no save
:update save & stay
a append
:%y select all
dw delete
dd delete whole line
p place line
r replace 1 letter
ce replace >1 letters
2dd delete 2 lines
u undo
0 move first of line
1w move first word
2w move 2nd word
:$ bottom of page
  1. Position the cursor where you want to begin cutting.
  2. Press v to select characters (or uppercase V to select whole lines).
  3. Move the cursor to the end of what you want to cut.
  4. Press d to cut (or y to copy).
  5. Move to where you would like to paste.
  6. Press P to paste before the cursor, or p to paste after.

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