XOR Operator in Python is also known as “exclusive or” that compares two binary numbers bitwise if two bits are identical XOR outputs as 0 and when two bits are different then XOR outputs as 1. XOR can even be used on booleans.
XOR is mainly used in situations where we don’t want two conditions to be true simultaneously. In this tutorial, we will look explore multiple ways to perform XOR (exclusive OR) operations in Python with examples.
Bitwise operators in Python are also called binary operators, and it is mainly used to perform Bitwise calculations on integers, the integers are first converted into binary , and later the operations are performed bit by bit.
Let’s take a look at using the XOR *
^ * Operator between 2 integers. When we perform XOR between 2 integers, the operator returns the integer as output.
a= 5 #0101 b = 3 #0011 result = (a ^ b) #0110 print(result) # Output # 6 (0110)
Let’s take a look at using XOR on two booleans. In the case of boolean, the true is treated as 1, and the false is treated as 0. Thus the output returned will be either true or false.
print(True ^ True) print(True ^ False) print(False ^ True) print(False ^ False)
False True True False
We can even achieve XOR using the built-in
operator module in Python. The operator module has a
xor() function, which can perform an XOR operation on integers and booleans, as shown below.
import operator print(operator.xor(5,3)) print(operator.xor(True,True)) print(operator.xor(True,False)) print(operator.xor(False,True)) print(operator.xor(False,False))
6 False True True False