DEV Community

Farhad Faghihi
Farhad Faghihi

Posted on • Updated on

Git Survival Kit - Part 1

Read Part 2

In the life of every developer regardless of experience level, comes a day when she needs to get out of or resolve an awkward git situation. In this series, I'm going to share some simple yet life-saving git commands that are both easy to learn and vital to your day-to-day version control ops.

1. undo the first commit ( assuming there is only one commit in the history)
git update-ref -d HEAD

2. undo the last (n) commits and return the changed files to staging area
git reset --soft HEAD~n

3. print the number of commits on all branches grouped by authors
git shortlog -s -n --all

p.s - yes Jayson, that's how I found out that I've done more commits than you. Take that.

4. undo a pushed commit in the remote repository, on master branch
git push origin +{commit-hash}^:master

5. See all the upstream repository urls, where you're 'pushing' your code.
git remote -v

6. remove a file from the staging area
git reset <file_name>

7. remove all files inside a folder from the staging area
git reset <folder_name>/

8. ignore changes to already tracked files
git update-index --assume-unchanged <file>

another alternative :

git update-index --skip-worktree <file>

read more on assume-unchanged vs. skip-worktree

9. undo last tip: start tracking files again
git update-index --no-assume-unchanged [<file> ...]

10. show list of tags, sorted by date descendingly
git tag --sort=-creatordate

Discussion (4)

dinniej profile image
Nguyen Ngoc Dat

The second part, I need it, I need it bad.

farhadfaghihi profile image
Farhad Faghihi Author

sure @dinniej! stay tuned

farhadfaghihi profile image
Farhad Faghihi Author
kleberson1 profile image