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13 useful JavaScript array tips and tricks you should know

duomly profile image Duomly Originally published at blog.duomly.com Updated on ・5 min read

This article was originally published at: https://www.blog.duomly.com/13-useful-javascript-array-tips-and-tricks-you-should-know/

An array is one of the most common concepts of Javascript, which gives us a lot of possibilities to work with data stored inside. Taking into consideration that array is one of the most basic topics in Javascript which you learn about at the beginning of your programming path, in this article, I would like to show you a few tricks which you may not know about and which may be very helpful in coding! Let’s get started.

1. Remove duplicates from an array

It’s a very popular interview question about Javascript arrays, how to extract the unique values from Javascript array. Here is a quick and easy solution for this problem, you can use a new Set() for this purpose. And I would like to show you two possible ways to do it, one with .from() method and second with spread operator (…).

var fruits = [banana, apple, orange, watermelon, apple, orange, grape, apple];


// First method
var uniqueFruits = Array.from(new Set(fruits));
console.log(uniqueFruits); // returns [“banana”, “apple”, “orange”, “watermelon”, “grape”]
// Second method
var uniqueFruits2 = [new Set(fruits)];
console.log(uniqueFruits2); // returns [“banana”, “apple”, “orange”, “watermelon”, “grape”]

Easy, right?

2. Replace the specific value in an array

Sometimes it’s necessary to replace a specific value in the array while creating code, and there is a nice short method to do it which you might not know yet. For this, we may use .splice(start, value to remove, valueToAdd) and pass there all three parameters specifying where we want to start modification, how many values we want to change and the new values.

var fruits = [banana, apple, orange, watermelon, apple, orange, grape, apple];
fruits.splice(0, 2, potato, tomato);
console.log(fruits); // returns [“potato”, “tomato”, “orange”, “watermelon”, “apple”, “orange”, “grape”, “apple”]

3. Map array without .map()

Probably everyone knows .map() method of arrays, but there is a different solution that may be used to get a similar effect and very clean code as well. We can use .from() method for this purpose.

var friends = [
    { name: John, age: 22 },
    { name: Peter, age: 23 },
    { name: Mark, age: 24 },
    { name: Maria, age: 22 },
    { name: Monica, age: 21 },
    { name: Martha, age: 19 },
]


var friendsNames = Array.from(friends, ({name}) => name);
console.log(friendsNames); // returns [“John”, “Peter”, “Mark”, “Maria”, “Monica”, “Martha”]

4. Empty an array

Do you have an array full of elements but you need to clean it for any purpose, and you don’t want to remove items one by one? It’s very simple to do it in one line of code. To empty an array, you need to set an array’s length to 0, and that’s it!

var fruits = [banana, apple, orange, watermelon, apple, orange, grape, apple];


fruits.length = 0;
console.log(fruits); // returns []

5. Convert array to an object

It happens that we have an array, but for some purpose, we need an object with this data, and the fastest way to convert the array into an object is to use a well-known spread operator (…).

var fruits = [banana, apple, orange, watermelon];
var fruitsObj = { fruits };
console.log(fruitsObj); // returns {0: “banana”, 1: “apple”, 2: “orange”, 3: “watermelon”, 4: “apple”, 5: “orange”, 6: “grape”, 7: “apple”}

6. Fulfill array with data

There are some situations when we create an array, and we would like to fill it with some data, or we need an array with the same values, and in this case .fill() method comes with an easy and clean solution.

var newArray = new Array(10).fill(1);
console.log(newArray); // returns [“1”, “1”, “1”, “1”, “1”, “1”, “1”, “1”, “1”, “1”, “1”]

7. Merge arrays

Do you know how to merge arrays into one array not using .concat() method? There is a simple way to merge any amount of arrays into one in one line of code. As you probably realized already spread operator (…) is pretty useful while working with arrays and it’s the same in this case.

var fruits = [apple, banana, orange];
var meat = [poultry, beef, fish];
var vegetables = [potato, tomato, cucumber];
var food = [fruits, meat, vegetables];
console.log(food); // [“apple”, “banana”, “orange”, “poultry”, “beef”, “fish”, “potato”, “tomato”, “cucumber”]

8. Find the intersection of two arrays

It’s also one of the most popular challenges which you can face on any Javascript interview because it shows if you can use array methods and what is your logic. To find the intersection of two arrays, we will use one of the previously shown methods in this article, to make sure that values in the array we are checking are not duplicated and we will use .filter method and .includes method. As a result, we will get the array with values that were presented in both arrays. Check the code:

var numOne = [0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 8];
var numTwo = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6];
var duplicatedValues = [new Set(numOne)].filter(item => numTwo.includes(item));
console.log(duplicatedValues); // returns [2, 4, 6]

9. Remove falsy values from an array

At first, let’s defined falsy values. In Javascript, falsy values are false, 0, „”, null, NaN, undefined. Now we can find out how to remove this kind of values from our array. To achieve this, we are going to use the .filter() method.

var mixedArr = [0, blue, “”, NaN, 9, true, undefined, white, false];
var trueArr = mixedArr.filter(Boolean);
console.log(trueArr); // returns [“blue”, 9, true, “white”]

10. Get random value form the array

Sometimes we need to select a value from the array randomly. To create it in an easy, fast, and short way and keep our code clean we can get a random index number according to the array length. Let’s see the code:

var colors = [blue, white, green, navy, pink, purple, orange, yellow, black, brown];
var randomColor = colors[(Math.floor(Math.random() * (colors.length)))]

11. Reversing an array

When we need to flip our array there is no need to create it through the complicated loops and functions, there is an easy array method which does it all for us, and with one line of code, we may have our array reversed. Let’s check it:

var colors = [blue, white, green, navy, pink, purple, orange, yellow, black, brown];
var reversedColors = colors.reverse();
console.log(reversedColors); // returns [“brown”, “black”, “yellow”, “orange”, “purple”, “pink”, “navy”, “green”, “white”, “blue”]

12. .lastIndexOf() method

In Javascript, there is an interesting method which allows finding the index of the last occurrence of the given element. For example, if our array has duplicated values, we can find the position of the last occurrence of it. Let’s see the code example:

var nums = [1, 5, 2, 6, 3, 5, 2, 3, 6, 5, 2, 7];
var lastIndex = nums.lastIndexOf(5);
console.log(lastIndex); // returns 9

13. Sum all the values in the array

Another challenge which happens very often during Javascript Engineer interviews. Nothing scary comes here; it can be solved using .reduce method in one line of code. Let’s check out the code:

var nums = [1, 5, 2, 6];
var sum = nums.reduce((x, y) => x + y);
console.log(sum); // returns 14

Conclusion

In this article, I presented you 13 tricks and tips which can help you with coding and keep your code short and clean. Also, remember there are lots of different tricks which you may use in Javascript worth exploring, not only about arrays but also different data types. I hope you like the solutions provided in the article, and you will use them to improve your development process.

Have a nice coding!


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Discussion

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mc100s profile image
Maxence Bouret

Thanks for the article :)

Tip 11 (Reversing an array) is also modifying the original array colors.

Instead, if I don't want to change the original array, I would write:

var colors = ["blue", "white", "green", "navy", "pink", "purple", "orange", "yellow", "black", "brown"];
var reversedColors = [...colors].reverse();
console.log(reversedColors); // returns ["blue", "white", "green", "navy", "pink", "purple", "orange", "yellow", "black", "brown"]
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catalin560 profile image
catalin560

or colors.slice().reverse() works too

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willsmart profile image
willsmart

Tip 10 has an off-by-one error going on: there's no need to add one to colors.length since it's already one more than the highest index.

Great tips though! I didn't know about the array.length = 0 one and will use it for sure.

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duomly profile image
Duomly Author

Thanks for suggestion

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gabrielpinheiro profile image
gabriel-pinheiro

Great article!
I love how you mentioned the arr.length = 0;, I've seen obj.arr = []; so many times, messing up references is just a matter of time with the latter.

A nice addition would be to change the 8. Find the intersection of two arrays to do it the other way around as Array.prototype.includes is linear and Set.prototype.has is constant, for larger lists a big difference can be noticed:

let firstValues = [...new Set(numOne)];
let duplicatedValues = numTwo.filter(item => firstValues.has(item));

instead of:

var duplicatedValues = […new Set(numOne)].filter(item => numTwo.includes(item));
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perpetualwar profile image
Srđan Međo

You spread Set into an array, so array won't have has method on it. Small bug on your side.

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gabrielpinheiro profile image
gabriel-pinheiro

Oh you're right, first line should have been:

let firstValues = new Set(numOne);

Thanks for pointing that up

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andrewbogushevich profile image
Andrew Bogushevich
numOne = [1, 2]
numTwo = [1, 3, 1]

// original
let duplicatedValues = [new Set(numOne)].filter(item => numTwo.includes(item));
// [1]

// your
let firstValues = new Set(numOne);
duplicatedValues = numTwo.filter(item => firstValues.has(item));
// [1, 1]

to solve this we need either to create second Set or to use includes instead of has

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adamculpepper profile image
Adam Culpepper

and need to be converted to regular double quotes (") or single quotes so your code can be copy/pasted into the console without having to convert them all.

the character you used for the spread operator (…) needs to be converted to three periods (.) for copy/paste purposes. I think it's also important to note in the article that the spread operator is ES6.

grammar/word errors:
"Get random value form the array" title > needs to be "from array"

Great article, thanks for posting! :)

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moreurgentjest profile image
more-urgent-jest

yes, I totally agree that if you are going to have code in your article make sure that it's valid!!! that's more important than it being pretty. you could use codepen or similar to ensure it actually runs.

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sakhmedbayev profile image
sakhmedbayev

Thanks for the post! I need, however, to point out that the solution for finding an intersection array (#8) not quite correct. Try to find an intersection array for these two arrays using your solution:

[1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 4, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 4, 5, 6],
[2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 6, 7, 8, 2, 2, 2, 2]

the output is [ 1, 2, 6 ] when actually it supposed to be [ 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 6 ] (sorted version)

The Set does not work well to find a proper intersection array.

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premierboy profile image
Iamndeleva

Hello ...i want to learn js can someone share with me a tutorial or course

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hankoj profile image
Jacob Hanko

You will be able to find all different kinds of tutorials out there for JavaScript, ranging from books to video courses. Here are a few to get you started, but I suggest finding a tutorial that complements your own personal learning style.

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premierboy profile image
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duomly profile image
Duomly Author

We have interactive and building real projects courses, you can take a look if you like that (we can give discounts for dev.to) :)

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premierboy profile image
Iamndeleva

Where are the link for rhe courses

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duomly profile image
Duomly Author

You can find Duomly on duomly.com

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leandrolink profile image
leandrolink

Try freecodecamp.org/ . I really enjoyed that course!

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rahulkumarlal22 profile image
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clarity89 profile image
Alex K.

Nice list!

Point 3 is more useful when applied to array-like objects, e.g. NodeList, since you can transform them into arrays and map the items to new values at the same time.

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vijo profile image
vijo

Thanks for the article. Very useful tips in the article as well as the comments!

One query - If i have a two dimensional array (m rows and n columns) - what is the fastest way to create another array with retaining just some selected columns and dropping the others?

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zsivm profile image
zsivm

Nice post, very useful tips and tricks, thanks. I have found a typo in paragraph 3 in the last part. You wrote: ... user .from() method, instead of use.
In point 9 first row you wrote defined, in point 10 title there is form

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duomly profile image
Duomly Author

Thanks for pointing, going to fix :)

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zsivm profile image
zsivm

Hi. Sorry for pointing them out individually. I just reached the end. I found another typo in the conclusion, 13 tips and tricks with, instead od which. You are welcome, would like to read from you again :)

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darryl profile image
Darryl Young

Great article. Thanks for sharing.

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alin11 profile image
Ali Nazari

Hi. Great article. I'm willing to translate it into Persian and share it on my blog. I hope you are content :)

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duomly profile image
Duomly Author

Of course! If you will give link to author duomly.com we are very happy to accept that :)

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alin11 profile image
Ali Nazari

Thanks. Here is the link. I mentioned you at the bottom of article:

ditty.ir/posts/12-useful-javascrip...

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duomly profile image
Duomly Author

Cool, It's nice we inspired you :)

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nanouchkaya profile image
Claudine

Great article! My favorite trick : array.length = 0 💯

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duomly profile image
Duomly Author

Thanks Claudine, we are very happy you like our article! :)

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minhpn profile image
MinhPN

Great!

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nithish_13 profile image
Nithish

Hello everyone,, I want answer for this problem in JavaScript.
const a = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'
//Result
['abc','def','ghi',....]
Can someone explain!??
Thanks in Advance 🙂🙂

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sekti92 profile image
Sekti Wicaksono

it looks like slicing the output into 3chars-of string

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nithish_13 profile image
Nithish

S,, finally I did that... ;)

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mnepita profile image
Martin Nepita

Thanks for the article, this is just what I needed !

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k_penguin_sato profile image
K-Sato

Awesom!!

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duomly profile image
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silvodesigns profile image
Kevin Silvestre

As a student , I love this article. My fav cheat sheet .

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kamranf35792861 profile image
Kamran Fazal

Wonderful and Informative.

Keep it up to share your knowledge and tricks.

Thank you.

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basem98 profile image
Basem Mostafa Mahmoud

That was a very helpful article. I did not know before that I could empty an array by assigning its length to zero! Thanks for the article!

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dasarianudeep profile image
anudeepdasari

Tip 3 is awesome. Never knew till the time that Array.from takes a second argument a function that would replicate .map functionality. Good One !!!

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chridas profile image
Chridas

Thanks for the article! Really helpful!

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nicholasferrer profile image
Nicholas Ferrer

Nice article! I loved the fifth tip

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michaeljsalo profile image
Michael J Salo

It's interesting - but what would be a use case for such an object?

{0: “banana”, 1: “apple”, 2: “orange”, 3: “watermelon”, 4: “apple”, 5: “orange”, 6: “grape”, 7: “apple”}

It's still indexed like an array, but is no longer a real array.

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deepaksisodiya profile image
Deepak Sisodiya

This is a very good article. well written article.

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akmur profile image
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Abdullah Furkan Özbek

arr.filter(Boolean) is amazing 😯
Thanks for the article

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lefroxx profile image
leFroxx

I didn't know about the second parameter of Array.from() as well, but I don't actually see a reason to use it instead of Array.map() in any situation.

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Michael J Salo

MDN says, "Array.from(obj, mapFn, thisArg) has the same result as Array.from(obj).map(mapFn, thisArg), except that it does not create an intermediate array." This suggests it might perform a little better, in extreme cases.

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James Thomson

FYI, #4 "Empty an array" will create a holey array. It's better to assign the value a new empty array [] rather than mutate the length. More on element kinds: v8.dev/blog/elements-kinds

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Antonio Yon

Why would setting the length of an array to 0 make it holey? I would understand if you were to set the length to a value greater than its content, it would create a HOLEY_ELEMENTS. Truncating should not have that same problem.

I would think the engine would continue to optimize for a PACKED_ELEMENTS Array if length were set to a value less than its current content, including 0.

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